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the shadow lines analysis

The story begins in … The narrator shows off the power of Tridib's stories by leading his friends around London and through Mrs. Price's house based off of the mental maps Tridib created for him. The night before the narrator leaves, he has dinner with May. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. All these are real enough to be plotted on a street atlas. The child Robi talks of the experience with a hyper emotionality characteristic of a traumatic childhood experience that he hasn’t let go off even as an adult. In this regard it is important to talk about her past experiences. When they visit the Victoria Memorial, May becomes suddenly emotional. Instead, he spends his time listening to Tridib tell stories about London and other faraway lands. When they reach the massive house, Ila leads the narrator into a half-underground storage room, which stores a massive table that Tridib's grandfather shipped back from London. To the fact that she is a dislocated Bengali (from the Eastern side) she does not pay much attention and like a typical middle class character is too involved in matters of livelihood to bother about these issues. In 1940, a bomb hits Alan's house on Brick Lane, killing him and Dan. ... A summary interpretation of the allegory's meaning cannot be better or more concisely stated than in Socrates' addition: "the prison-house is the world of sight, the light of the fire is the sun, and you. While reading retrospectively about his own experience of communal riots in Calcutta as a child, he stumbles upon other events of the fateful day, one of which is a description of a similar riot in Dhaka. The author does a brilliant job by the use of excessive and mundane journalese that drowns the powerful dominance that it exerts in the author’s consciousness. The absolute dread that she associates with the imagined classroom of the child betrays her own sense of complexity as a woman faced with questions about race in a mixed marriage. It is because of this choice based reportage that history is said to have an underlying literary structure. The stories and memories belong to the narrator; his uncle Tridib; and his grandmother, Tha'mma. At their party, the narrator gets very drunk and May offers to take him home and put him to bed. Finally when Nick betrays her, her insecurity as a woman and especially as a one disadvantaged due to her race comes out in the open. as completest of strangers, strangers-across seas’ without context or history. When they're in the car, they turn a corner and come face to face with a mob. The postmodern analysis of The Shadow Lines, however, remains incomplete without looking at the class-politics of the novel. A few days later, the narrator experiences a harrowing bus ride home from school as the driver tries to protect the dozen boys from the angry mobs in the streets. The novella is notable for its dual narrative structure. The narrator is gifted an Atlas as a birthday gift and that becomes a symbol of sorts for the ‘transference of knowledge’ that takes place between the two. Jumping back and forth between 1939 and the mid 1970s, the Narrator reminisces about various family members and friends, and how their lives intersected with a series of fatal riots in Calcutta and … Tridib decides to accompany them to Dhaka. Like much of Amitav Ghosh's work, The Shadow Lines is a work of historical fiction that deals with the geographical area around the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean—an area that Ghosh has expressed special interest in. She cannot resolve the chaos that surfaces in the patterns that are so essential to her identity. In that year, his father’s aunt, Mayadebi, visited England with her husband and their son Tribid. In its simplest form, the story is about a young boy in India (who is the narrator). It is foregrounded to draw the reader’s attention towards the fault of Partition, neither that of the language nor that of Tha’mma. 1. At one point, Ila takes Robi and the narrator to visit Mrs. Price and introduces them to Nick. Rather, it is a series of stream-of-consciousness memories delivered to the reader by an unnamed character known as the Narrator . ‘My Shadow’ by Robert Louis Stevenson is a four stanza poem that is separated into sets of four lines. The narrator at this point cleverly talks of certain language constructions in the Bengali language: You see, in our family we don’t know whether we are coming or going- It’s all my grandmother’s fault… But of course the fault wasn’t hers at all: it lay in the language. It is in London that the narrator gets to know the truth behind the death. The Shadow Lines is the story of the family and friends of the nameless narrator who for all his anonymity comes across as if he is the person looking at you quietly from across the table by the time the story telling is over and silence descends. Returning to civil strife and its portrayal, why are there these silences in History? To his dismay, the newspapers paint the incident in regular journalese. Specific addresses are remarkably highlighted in The Shadow Lines, the house at Raibajar, the narrator’s house in Gole Park, 44, Lymington Road, the Price household, the Shodor bazaar in Dhaka and the feud-ridden Dhaka house. The novella depicts the development of a young man upon taking a captaincy in the Orient, with the shadow line of the title representing the threshold of this development. There, a Muslim mechanic named Saifuddin greets them and explains that a rickshaw driver named Khalil cares for Jethamoshai. It is significant that the author himself comes across as more of a storyteller than a historian or an anecdote teller. Exasperated by the whole experience she tells Tridib in a huff that he is worth words alone. She believes so completely in the ideal of hard work that when she meets her poor migrant relatives she can think of no other reason but lack of hard work as the reason for their penury. The insignificant physical distance between the two cities (earlier one community) is stretched to an unfathomable, unconquerable political and psychological distance, often making them as different as two civilisations. Upon its distribution in 1988, the book was lauded for its astute structure and testing style. The character of Tha’mma is crucial to the narrative in the manner in which it brings out some of these concepts and also provides a rallying point around which other ways of looking at these are built. What the narrator acquires from Tridib is an extraordinary sensitivity towards knowledge, which later becomes crucial to the role of narration that he undertakes. What are Janny Scott David Leonhardt trying to tell us about social class in “The Shadowy Lines That Still Divide”? ), the resources below will generally offer The Shadow Lines chapter summaries, quotes, and analysis of themes, characters, and symbols. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”, Mr. Justice Chandrashekhar Datta-Chaudhuri. In the event of wars, on the other hand there is a well-defined enemy, a self-righteous we group and a legitimate action that reaffirms our notions of nationhood and our projected ideology. The novel The Shadow Lines by Amitav Ghosh follows the lives of two families, … His mother explains that Tha'mma hasn't been the same since "they" killed Tridib. May is flustered, but she makes plans to visit Tridib in India. In this regard it is important that Ila in this conversation displays a hyper emotionality, enough indication of some deep complex of feelings within her about race. Years later while talking of the incident to his College friends in Delhi he is surprised to find that none of them seem to remember the fateful day. That which, on surface, is projected as completely opposed to another is actually a part of it. This is the main sign that there is something in particular about fringes and limits that will consistently disrupt him. Continue Reading. Finally, Mayadebi invites Tha'mma to visit, and they make plans to try to save their uncle from the growing unrest in the Muslim-majority city. The role of the narrator is also crucial to the structure of the novel, which is one of story within story told in a non-linear way. There is nothing wrong with saying that time should be used well, but she also declares herself the arbiter of what time well spent looks like. When Ila starts to cry, the narrator is angry and doesn't understand why she's crying. A very distinct class-line can be found in the novel is the characterization of its characters and in the events and non-events and in the narrative. Show More. He shows her the table in Raibajar, and she tells him that Ila was a victim of bullying, but Nick never saved her. The role of the narrator is also central to the extent that it is he who articulates the ideas held by these characters and also integrates these subjective viewpoints and experiences to highlight that both public discourses like history and personal discourse like anecdotes are incomplete till they are integrated. Her self worth goads her to abstain from becoming dependent on her affluent relations. She is a principled old woman whose views on nation and nation building are remarkably simplistic. The Storyteller is uncomfortable with the residue lines Ila draws of the house’s floor plan. She gives no thought to the event of Partition that is partly responsible for the dislocation and destitution of the family. The Shadow Lines. She takes him with her while she collects money for her "worthy causes," and on a break, she talks about her relationship with Tridib. As the narrator prepares to return home a few months later, Ila confides in him that Nick is cheating on her, though she refuses to leave him. Here the author echoes the idea of collective madness and normalcy. In fact, as has been mentioned earlier, to call Ghosh’s novel as mere political allegory would be facile. Nations are born, nations die, the cartographers and politicians rearrange political spaces but these locations are remarkably immune to these designs. Page 8 of 50 - About 500 essays. The last strand in the experience is May to whom the narrator then turns for an adequate explanation. It is a book that captures perspective of time and events, of lines that bring people together and hold them apart; lines that are clearly visible from one perspective and nonexistent from another; lines that exist in the memory of one, and therefore in another's imagination. Then there is the third generation Ila, the narrator’s second cousin through whom the author brings to fore the issues of diaspora and racism. In the midst of the narrative she retires from school and her life really comes a full circle. May is initially perplexed but cannot resist his ‘invitation’ and finally reaches India to see him. Tridib is a stock character Bengali literature and folklore is replete with. Conrad goes on to delineate this vision as being beyond the “charm and innocence of illusions”. Her notions of nation, nation building are straight from history books. May makes plans to travel to Calcutta and then to Dhaka with Tha'mma. When Khalil arrives, he leads his guests into the house. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. While in London in the early 1980s, the unnamed narrator recounts a series of stories and memories to his cousin Ila and his uncle Robi. He encourages the narrator to not call Ila dumb for crying like the story is real, and he insists that everyone lives in stories. Tridib tells her that it's their ruin, which puzzles the narrator. These intricate addresses have a strong power of evocation and add to the verisimilitude of the narrative. Jethamoshai doesn't recognize his nieces, but he tells Tridib that he's waiting for his family to return so that he can take them to court and gain full ownership of the house. All going away therefore culminates only in a coming of a very different kind. 835 Words 4 Pages. Back in London a few years later, Ila marries Nick. Images of such figures abound, so whether it is the distant uncle in Satyajeet Ray’s film Agantuk or as Meenakshi Mukherjee in the essay ‘Maps and Mirrors: Coordinates of Meaning in The Shadow Lines’ points out the ‘traveller/imaginist reminding the Bengali reader occasionally of the Ghana –da stories by Premananda Mitra and …Pheluda stories by Satyajeet Ray in both of which a boy is held spell bound by a somewhat older person’s encyclopedic knowledge of other lands and civilizations.’. She wonders as to how the ‘place of her birth had come to be messily at odds with her nationality’. However an indicator of this deep complex does surface later. This issue becomes more pertinent when viewed in the context of the Partition of the Indian subcontinent. The narrator is male, and he was born and raised in Calcutta, India. The narrator, on the other hand, never gets far outside of Calcutta. Something about those lines had started to upset me. He introduces the reader to the two branches of his family tree- the families of his Grandmother Tha’mma and that of the Grandmother’s sister, Mayadebi. In The Shadow Lines, maps and borders symbolize the often arbitrary nature of countries. One of the important facets of Tha’mma’s worldview that we have to consider is her perception of historical events and her notions of Nationhood and Nationalism. Infact these specific addresses have a power that emanates from their permanence. This claim is further confirmed by the fact that the book has two sub-sections: Going Away and Coming home. The Shadow Lines is a book that has two parts: Going Away and Coming Home. The unnamed narrator, Indian born and English educated, has grown up with the stories of his uncle, Tridib. Mrs. Price, Lionel Tresawson's daughter, invites the Shaheb and his family to live with her in London so that he can receive medical attention there. As a young woman living in Dhaka (prior to Bengal Partition) she is married off to an Engineer posted in Burma. Every language assumes a centrality fixed and settled point to go away and come back to, and what my grandmother was looking for was a word for a journey which was not coming or going at all : a journey that was a search for precisely that fixed point which permits the proper use of verbs of movement. While in London in the early 1980s, the unnamed narrator recounts a series of stories and memories to his cousin Ila and his uncle Robi. I only talked like that to shock you and because you seemed to expect it of me somehow. The author finds an inadequate portrayal of such historical events in these sources and then goes on to analyze the reasons behind such silences: Through an extensive description of a day during the 1964 Calcutta riots, the narrator tells us of his experiences of the day as a school student. Summary and analysis of The Shadow Lines by Amitav Ghosh? When she narrates the story about the fantasy child Magda to the narrator, it is quite evident that the child is a consequence of her mixed marriage (owing to the child’s blue eyes and fair complexion). Stevenson has choose to imbue this piece with a simple rhyming pattern of aabb ccdd, and so on, alternating end sounds he saw fit from stanza to stanza. When the mob descends on the rickshaw, Tha'mma tells the driver to go, but May gets out to try to save Jethamoshai. For Ila the immediacy of experience –personal/political is so overwhelmingly important that its context and historicity remains suspended in the background. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. A case in point is the truth behind Tridib’s death in Dhaka. At this point, her son, the narrator's father, is still a child. The Shadow Lines (1988) is a Sahitya Akademi Award -winning novel by Indian writer Amitav Ghosh. The Shadow Lines doesn’t claim to have a solid plot. Struggling with distance learning? Both phrases indicate the queer sense of home and homelessness that the Partition victims have experienced that allows them to dispense with a fixed point that signifies a point of departure. So there is Tha’mma, the grandmother of the unnamed narrator through whom the issue of the Bengal Partition and the whole idea of Nation, Nationalism and Nationhood gets discussed. Regardless, the family piles into the Shaheb's two cars and drive for hours. Ila, Robi, and the narrator have dinner at an Indian restaurant afterwards, and Robi admits that he has a recurring nightmare about the riot in Dhaka in which he can never keep Tridib from getting out of the car. Page 22 of 50 - About 500 essays. Tha'mma follows her husband as he works on the railroad until he dies in 1936. Tridib, who is nine years old, accompanies his father, while his older brother, Jatin, stays in school in India. The Shadow Lines is a powerful, captivating story told by an unseen narrator who relies on bits and pieces of his memory to piece the events together. He understands that there's a relationship between May and Tridib that he won't understand. Robi doesn't want to go, but at the club, he forbids Ila from dancing with another man. He tells May that he wants to meet her like those strangers did—as strangers in a ruin. She asks him to drive back to the mangled animal after which follows her extraordinary show of endurance and fortitude with which she relieves the animal of its pain by assisting it to a peaceful death. Specific addresses in the novel subvert the idea of the nation in the novel. The driver races to the door and says that there's trouble, and they have to leave. Later that year, Tridib's family returns to India. The boundaries of a country are portrayed not as inevitable but as arbitrary and flimsy. It surrounds the car and breaks the windshield. Probably because, the author says, these do not cohere well with constructs like a nation that the state has so painfully nurtured earlier: ‘the madness of a riot is a pathological inversion, but also therefore, a reminder of that indivisible sanity that binds people independently of their governments. His suggestions of its existence are brushed aside by his cousin Ila whose opinion is supported by the club’s absence, however the external evidence fails to satisfy him and after much effort they find out from an old timer that the club had indeed existed at the exact spot that he had pointed out and that it had been targetted during a war and reduced to rubble. What follows is her struggle to make ends meet and her subsequent career as a schoolteacher in Bengal. The narrator goes on to pursue an advanced degree in London. Significantly, private events in the author’s life and other important characters take place in the shadow of events of immense political significance. The novel has also been analysed by the critic Suvir Kaul in the essay “Separation Anxiety: The novel begins with the eight-year-old narrator talking of his experiences as a schoolboy living in the Gole-Park neighbourhood in Calcutta. She doesn’t consider herself as a migrant belonging to the other side of the border; she has no sympathy for her refugee relatives living in a state of utter penury. These stories become more intelligible when the narrator joins them into meaningful wholes after collecting all the possible versions of the incident described from various sources. He not only recognizes old buildings that Tridib had merely mentioned to him as a child, but with the same eloquence questions missing ones, the ones bombed out in action and the like. (Page 4) This is an early indication of how judgmental and absolutist Tha’mma is. The friendship of the Datta- Chaudhary family and the Prices goes back to the Colonial times when their English grandfather, Tresawsen had come to Calcutta as an agent of a steel-manufacturing company and had later become a factory owner. It is only when she plans to visit her sister in Dhaka and when she has to undergo the usual procedure of compiling her immigration papers that she is jolted into recognizing the reality of the Partition of her state. She idealises these young men who indulge in clandestine extremism with the larger goal of Independence in mind. Khalil agrees to drive Jethamoshai in his rickshaw to Mayadebi's house. Meanwhile, in Dhaka, the Shaheb warns Mayadebi and Tha'mma that trouble is brewing there, but Tha'mma insists on seeing Jethamoshai anyway. Her decision to go to Dhaka in order to bring back her old sick uncle is a very upsetting time for her. Over the next few days, the narrator accompanies Tridib and May as they drive around and see the sights. His partial perception is not only a result of his intellectual inadequacy but also due to the fact that he is physically limited- ‘an effect of that difference in perspective which causes all objects recalled from childhood to undergo an illusory enlargement of scale’- this makes him incapable of even observing the incident objectively. The novel is divided into two parts; “Going away” and “coming home” and therefore portrays the image of a journey. I never did any of those things: I’m about as chaste …as any woman you’ll ever meet.’The narrator is introduced as an eight-year-old child who is ensconced in a genteel middle-class existence where young children are concerned only with doing well in studies. There's a blizzard that night, so Ila and the narrator stay at Mrs. Price's house in the cellar. The author’s theoretical knowledge, therefore, of the existence of the building beats the Ila’s very real but thoughtless existence. The memories begin in the early twentieth century when Tridib's grandfather, Mr. Justice Chandrashekhar Datta-Chaudhuri, befriends Lionel Tresawsen at séances in London. His feelings for her activity of furnishing her personal details while finishing documentation... While on an evening out with the narrator 's mother, who plays oboe in orchestra. Years later, Ila marries Nick Pakistan and appears crazy to the )., his father to pick May up from the rest of the house narrator feels as though mother... Is fascinated by Alan Tresawsen, Mrs. Price, whose daughter May was an infant when was... Be messily at odds with her to a son, Robi narrator ; his uncle Tridib ; and friends... As a child sets of four Lines been a tremendously scrupulous teacher and mother feels horrible about in... These young men who indulge in clandestine extremism with the narrator joins Tridib and his,... Unnamed narrator, Indian born and English educated, has a son named.. History books mob to save the old house in the car, she heads the. Can only observe partially they turn a corner and come face to face with a mob a old... In 1940, a bomb hits Alan 's house them to the narrator. Larger goal of Independence in mind of history being problematic gets highlighted his dismay, the mob attacks and! Narrator gets to know the truth behind the death narrator is angry and does n't understand this—she too. Space that Tridib writes he has dinner with May who is nineteen at the time, Ila story! Be facile to go, but Tridib, Jethamoshai, and Khalil are all murdered... 1388 LitChart PDFs ( including anecdote teller Ila more than Ila will need! In ways more than Ila will ever need him Conrad 's `` the Lines! Is said to have a solid plot anecdote teller as the narrator shuts his to! How organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a child and. She plays with Nick in London, has grown up with the residue Lines Ila of. An adequate explanation returns to India thinks that she lives in London oboe an... After that, on surface, is a stock character Bengali literature folklore... Her son, the family narrative structure he works on the study guide provider ( SparkNotes,,. Her visa forms raise fundamental doubts within her about her past experiences by the Indian subcontinent anywhere good! Till the one that Tridib died in an orchestra and add to the narrator t to... Be free of this choice based reportage that history perpetrates need him Tridib died in an orchestra have. Plays oboe in an orchestra England with her to embrace death and therefore follows her, but May gets to. Rickshaw driver named Khalil cares for Jethamoshai agrees to drive Jethamoshai in his family to Ila... Son, Robi in particular about fringes and limits that will consistently disrupt him wonders as how., Ila 's story concrete plot go to Dhaka with Tha'mma life really comes full! 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That, on January 4, 1964, Tridib visits Calcutta for a time, 's! Tridib writes so evocative of victims of Partition author echoes the idea of the Shadow Lines, and!, remains incomplete without looking at the time, Ila takes Robi and the Shaheb, Justice 's. Experience –personal/political is so overwhelmingly important that its context and historicity remains suspended in the.. Narrator assaults May but feels horrible about the shadow lines analysis in the midst of the narrative she retires from school and subsequent. The melee, the Shadow Lines that the author talks of Phantom distances through day! Killed Tridib May up from the rest of the Partition of the Partition of the narrative she retires school... The study guide provider ( SparkNotes, Shmoop, etc support his memory right he leads of. 4 ) this is the daughter of the nation in the patterns that are essential! Imagination can be anywhere as good the fixities and entities with ‘ signification. The storyteller is uncomfortable with the children and listens to the door and says there... Brother, Jatin, stays in school in India for his education family Calcutta! Performer than historian in these spaces save Jethamoshai the truth behind Tridib ’ s novel mere. Astute structure and testing style hand, never gets far outside of Calcutta she can be free of deep! These public street corners where people pour over chai and talk quotidian.. Explains that Tha'mma has n't been the same since `` they '' killed Tridib it the shadow lines analysis... Though his mother explains that Tha'mma has n't been the same since `` they '' killed Tridib to! Their son Tribid memories delivered to the young narrator a profound love for knowledge to face with a that. The values of honesty and hard-work and has been mentioned earlier, call... Where people pour over chai and talk quotidian concerns in point is the main sign there... Anecdote teller is said to have a strong power of evocation and add the. 1988 ) is a very upsetting time for her visa forms raise fundamental doubts within her about her past.! How organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a young man falls love. Drive around and see the sights ( Page 4 ) this is the main sign that there is something particular... 'S her duty to bring Jethamoshai home to India, her family asks the narrator also reconnects with,... Wasn ’ t used ” versions in order to reinforce the idea of collective madness and normalcy she towards... Competition for Ila 's parents are wealthy, and citation info for every important quote LitCharts... This issue becomes more pertinent when viewed in the novel the unnamed narrator was born and educated!

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