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hippeastrum reginae common name

The leaves represent the protection, purpose, growth and development of the Huntington's community worldwide in its search for a cure and treatment. [89] Fragrance is genetically related to flower colour (white, or pastel shades) and is a recessive characteristic, so that when fragrant and non fragrant varieties are crossed, not all progeny will be fragrant, whereas two fragrant progenitors will produce an all fragrant progeny. Many bulbs referred to as amaryllis are actually in the Hippeastrum family. Johnson shared his work with the Liverpool Botanic Garden which was fortunate, since his greenhouse was destroyed in a fire. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. 'Large Flowering', 'Dutch', 'Royal Dutch', there are five types that are commonly sold; 'Trumpets', as the name suggests, have flared, tube-shaped flowers. Synonyms; Amaryllis reginae L. Aschamia reginae Salisb. Hippeastrum (group) Back to Previous Page. [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. The following species were considered threatened or vulnerable by degradation of their natural habitat, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)[75] Red List of Threatened Species[76] in 1997. 1802-1815), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum_reginae&oldid=991189980, Articles with empty sections from April 2014, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:30. Bare-root bulbs do best planted in a pot only slightly larger than the circumference of the bulb in well-drained, organic mix (such as sterilized potting soil plus coir fiber, or equal amounts of peat moss, sand and humus), with one third of the bulb visible above the surface of the soil and two thirds buried. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. [63] Hippeastrum is found in a wide range of habitats. albertii (Lem.) The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will produce. It thrives best in partial shade to full sun. The most conspicuous exception is the hybrid obtained through crossbreeding with the Mexican Sprekelia formosissima Herb. The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. [30][37] "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. The name St. Joseph's Lily seems the most popular name although St. Joseph's day is March 19th, nearly 1 month before this plant blooms for us. An Hippeastrum reginae in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Herb..An Hippeastrum reginae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Hippeastrum, ngan familia nga Amaryllidaceae. Striatfolium. Common Name: amaryllis . [63], Hippeastrum hybrids and cultivars are valued for their large ornamental flowers, particularly for indoor cultivation during the northern hemisphere winter. fil.) Taxonomy. Bulbs from the South African growers usually put up a scape and leaves at the same time (synanthous). Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. H. petiolatum is a sterile triploid that reproduces asexually, producing many bulbils around the mother bulb. Hippeastrum … Paris Chez l'auteur, an 13-(24), 1805-1816 (i.e. Some species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies. The first issue is whether the name should more properly be Amaryllis L.. Commercially, only cultivars that produce at least three bulbils on the mother bulb are used for this form of propagation. Common Names for Amaryllis. The genus Hippeastrum has about 90 species and hundreds of cultivars. Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. [28][96] One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas [30][70], Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from the following species:[71]. Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. Description. Overview. Les liliacées. They will need year-round light even inside. More recently micropropagation in vitro has been used on a commercial scale. H. vittatum x H. reginae (L.) Herb. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. [30] This 'equine' connection refers to Carl Linnaeus the Younger who had named (in an unpublished manuscript) a West Indian species as Amaryllis equestris, because of its similarity to the African genus Amaryllis. de Didot Jeune Edition: 2. éd. The double flowers from Japan are particularly beautiful. (Asteraceae- Compositae) Blanket Flower. The largest bulbs measure 14 to 16 inches (36 to 41 cm) in circumference and will produce three or more scapes (flower stems) with four or more blooms each. For temperatures, the Strelitzia reginaelikes it warm in the 70 to 90-degree range. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar [2], Described by Carl Linnaeus in 1759, as Amaryllis reginae, it was the type species for the genus. Species: Hippeastrum striatum (Lam.) This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum. ... Sites with Hippeastrum or Gardening Info. This name and attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, in his Hortus Kewensis. When foliage starts to yellow, dormancy can be induced by withholding water and placing the plant in a cool 4–13 °C (39–55 °F) dark place for six to ten weeks or until buds start to show. The technique of plant tissue culture in vitro improves the propagation of Hippeastrum by decreasing the time required to reach the minimum size to start the reproductive cycle, using sections of bulbs grown in artificial media with the addition of plant hormones. [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. French. [78], The bulb is tender and should not be exposed to frost, but is otherwise easy to grow with large rewards for small efforts, especially those that bloom inside during the winter months. Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. Les liliacées. One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. Binomial name; Hippeastrum reginae Herb. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Overwatering will cause bulb and root rot. [45], Since then a key question has been whether Linnaeus's original type was a South African plant (now Amaryllis) or a South American plant (now Hippeastrum). [3], The second issue is whether the name should be Leopoldia. [52] Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. 2) In 1779 Johann Müller only wrote that the common name for this plant was Belladonna, and that it was described in Species Plantarum. [52] Brazil also produces 17 million Hippeastrum bulbs annually. Some of the most successful hybrids were Graveana and Empress of India. 0. [38] Separate common names are used to describe the genus Amaryllis, e.g., "Naked Lady". Summering outdoors in four or five hours of direct sunlight, plus fertilizing lightly as the season progresses, will help develop buds for the next year. 'Dutch Amaryllis', 'South African Amarylllis'. In 1938 Johannes Cornelius Theodorus Uphof (JCT Uphof) claimed, with some evidence,[40] that the plant was in fact the South American Hippeastrum equestre (Linn. Each flower is 13–20 cm (5"–8") across, and the native species are usually purple or red. Linnaeus was aware in 1738 that several species were called Belladonna, but named this one Amaryllis reginae in the Systema Naturae ed. [2], P.J. Common name Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. No common name has yet been provided in this category. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. Reginae Reticulatum var. ex Aiton, accepted name H. puniceum)[46][47] a plant which Carl Linnaeus' son, Linnaeus the Younger (Linn. [97][98] Hippeastrum puniceum may also have therapeutic properties as it has been used in folk medicine to treat swellings and wounds. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease. 10 (1759) and Species Plantarum ed. They generally have large fleshy bulbs and tall broad leaves, generally evergreen, and large red or purple flowers. [99], A stylized flower of a Hippeastrum cultivar (under its common name of amaryllis) is used internationally as a symbol for organizations associated with Huntington's disease, a genetic degenerative disease of the nervous system. In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). Traub Amaryllis spectabilis G.Lodd. Amaryllis heringerii Ravenna Amaryllis reginae L. Amaryllis reginae var. Bulbs need light watering until the leaves and buds emerge, and need to be situated in a well-lit, cool place and watered as needed to maintain moderate soil moisture. This name is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.. Hippeastrum bulbs can be induced to rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment (cool dry winters). [86][87][88], Most modern cultivars lack any fragrance although 'Dancing Queen' represents an exception. English. [excluded] Show All Show Tabs. In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. Hippeastrum is a genus in the family Amaryllidaceae (subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae, and subtribe Hippeastrineae). These are light, and easily carried on the surface of water ensuring distribution of the species during the rainy season. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name amaryllis is mainly used for cultivars of this genus, often sold as indoor flowering bulbs particularly at Christmas in the northern hemisphere. Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. Although this does not guarantee genetic diversity in natural populations, it is widely used by colonising species. ~San. ... Barbados lily Hippeastrum reginae . Mga kasarigan. Cultivars of Hippeastrum are popular indoor ornamental plants prized for their large brightly colored flowers (including red, pink, salmon, orange and white). Plenty of bright indirect light will keep the Strelitzia reginae happy with plenty of blooms. Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. In order to preserve the widespread usage of both Hippeastrum and Leopoldia, Fabio Garbari and Werner Greuter proposed in 1970 that Herbert's Hippeastrum and Parlatore's Leopoldia should be conserved and Herbert's Leopoldia rejected. Seed multiplication may be used for the development of new cultivars or to increase the yield of native species. There are also epiphytic species such as Hippeastrum aulicum, Hippeastrum calyptratum, Hippeastrum papilio and Hippeastrum arboricola, which require air circulation around their roots,[35] which are in the subgenus Omphalissa. Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. [43] This was assumed to be the South African Cape Belladonna, although not precisely known. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Description The amaryllis talked about on this page are actually hippeastrum bulbous plants. (St James's lily, Aztec lily, Jacobean lily), another member of the tribe Hippeastreae, originally called Amaryllis formosissima, which is apomictic. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. Although most cultivars of Hippeastrum come from the Dutch and South African sources, bulbs are now being developed in the United States, Japan, Israel, India, Brazil and Australia. [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. Hybrids include Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii'. Syst. fulgida (Ker Gawl.) Some flowers have uniform colors or patterns on all six petals while others have more pronounced colors on the upper petals than on the lower ones.[90][78]. Avoid direct sunlight to prevent scorching its leaves. Overview . Hippeastrum striatum striped Barbados lily Hippeastrum vittatum . [52], The Reginae strain hybrids were produced by Jan de Graaff and his two sons in the Netherlands in the mid 19th century by crossing Hippeastrum vitatum and Hippeastrum striatum with Hippeastrum psittacinum and some of the better hybrids available in Europe at the time. [2]Bildgalleri [80][70][81][82] Many new hybrid lines followed as new species were sent to Europe from South America, the most important of which were Reginae and Leopoldii. In 1819 Herbert had proposed Leopoldia as a nomen provisorium (provisional name)[13] for the same taxon as he called Hippeastrum in 1821. [42] It is to this work that he refers in his Species Plantarum. Herb. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. Database with pictures, just click this link ! Legal Status. Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). Hippeastrum regium Herb. Amaryllis striata var. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. Sometimes also known as St Joseph's Lily, it has a slight spicy fragrance. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Thus Amaryllis L. is the correct name for the South African genus, not the South American genus (Hippeastrum). Three main methods are used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales'. This involves the division of the bulb into 12 sections and then separating each section into twin scales connected by the basal plate. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis, in his Species Plantarum along with eight other Amaryllis species. [28] Their habitat is mainly tropical and subtropical, though those species found south of the equator, or at sufficient altitude may be considered temperate. By the early nineteenth century Amaryllis had become a polymorphic (diverse) genus with about 50 species from what we would consider a dozen genera today, and attempts were made to separate it into different genera. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [70], Twin scales Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Although the market is dominated by the Netherlands,[71] and South Africa,[52] other areas of production include Israel, Japan and the United States (Florida). [23] The tepals are united at the base to form a short tube, usually with a rudimentary scaly paraperigonium[24] with fimbriae[25] or a callose ridge present at the throat. Bulbs are usually sold in fall for early winter bloom. [20] "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . Hippeastrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Spodoptera picta (crinum grub)[69] as well as Pseudococcidae (mealybugs), large, and small narcissus bulb flies (Eumerus strigatus and E. funeralis), thrips, mites, aphids, snails and slugs. [40] This work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the English botanist, the Revd. Many say this is the best hybrid on the market. In temperate climes these can be placed outside in the summer, and after a dormancy period, be induced to rebloom inside in the winter. Depending on the species, there are two to fifteen large showy flowers, which are more or less zygomophic and hermaphrodite. [94], Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which include anti-parasitic (e.g. The name Hippeastrum was first given to the genus by Herbert,[29] being derived from the Ancient Greek,[30] meaning a "knight's star" from ἱππεύς (hippeus, mounted knight) and ἄστρον (astron, star), to describe the first recognized species, Hippeastrum reginae. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). Plants obtained from seeds take about six years to bloom. [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life. Common name: Hippeastrums, amaryllis, hippies Botanic name: Hippeastrum cultivars Description: Bold trumpet-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer on hollow stems 40cm to 50cm (18-22″) tall. Mexican lily. [b][41] Linnaeus had earlier worked on the Estate of George Clifford near Haarlem between 1735 and 1737 describing the plants growing there in his Hortus Cliffortianus in 1738. These two species were notable for large flowers that were wide open and relatively symmetrical. The leaves are hysteranthous (develop after flowering), sessile (borne directly from the stem or peduncle), rarely persistent and subpetiolate.[19]. Hippeastrum reginae [1] är en amaryllisväxtart som först beskrevs av Carl von Linné, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Herb.. Hippeastrum reginae ingår i släktet amaryllisar, och familjen amaryllisväxter. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. His 1878 classification included 47 species, reduced to 38 by 1888. The plant's leaves should continue to grow after the flowers have faded. In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. (Amaryllis belladonna)", "Getting your Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) to Bloom", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "On the culture of the Guernsey Lily, and other bulbs of the genera, "An enumeration and classification of the species of, "Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Plants Collected on the Mulford Biologial Exploration of the Amazon Valley, 1921–1922", "Influence of bulb packing systems on forcing of Dutch-grown Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) as flowering potted plants in North America", "Various Cutting Methods For the Propagation of, "Anxiolytic-, antidepressant- and anticonvulsant-like effects of the alkaloid montanine isolated from, "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Tilting at windmills: 20 years of Hippeastrum breeding", "A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948–2001", UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRONOMICE ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ, "Effects of light on the propagation and growth of bulbs of, "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "Critical review of Sealy's "Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, "Hippeastrum incantator in fiecare casa (Delightful Hippeastrum in every home)", "Amaryllis and Alstroemeria: Old Crops, New Potential", "Understanding and Producing Amaryllis (Hort.

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