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podocarpus common name

The epimatium is usually green, but may be bluish or reddish in some species.[1][8]. This genus is a conifer and often confused with yews, genus Taxus due to the many interchangable common names. Podocarpus gracilior (African Fern Pine) is a medium to large, coniferous evergreen tree of erect, open airy habit with pendant branches covered with narrow, fine-textured, soft gray-green leaves of fern-like appearance. Small fleshy, greenish-yellow to purple, plum-like cones are produced. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The largest genus, Podocarpus, contains about 100 species and is commonly called yellowwood. Bonsai care The Chinese yew (or Buddhist pine, Fern pine, botanically Podocarpus macrophyllus) resembles, as the name suggests, the common yew (Taxus baccata). Prized for low maintenance requirements, resistance to pests and a wide tolerance of growing conditions, the fern pine (Podocarpus gracilior) is a versatile species that can be allowed to grow as a tree or trimmed to be a hedge, an espalier, or a shrub. It has a pale, creamy color, and it machines, cuts, and finishes well. Data related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikispecies. Conifer, evergreen tree, to 100 ft (30 m) tall in its native New Zealand, probably 30 ft a landscape, dense, spreading branches, initially a bushy tree, more open with age, may attain a massive trunk. Podocarpus. Podocarpus macrophyllus is a conifer in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. Kusamaki (クサマキ) and inumaki (犬槇) are Japanese names for this tree. RSA Tree No. Several species of Podocarpus are grown as garden trees, or trained into hedges, espaliers, or screens. Some species of genus Afrocarpus were formerly in Podocarpus, such as Afrocarpus gracilior. [1][8] The leaves are usually linear-lanceolate or linear-elliptic in shape, though they can be broader lanceolate, ovate, or nearly elliptic in some species. are evergreen woody plants. Each fertile scale usually has one apical ovule. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: 9 (20 to 30 F / -1.1 to -6.7 C) HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Medium Green GROWTH SHAPE: Narrow Pyramid or Columnar GROWTH SIZE: Intermediate: 6 to 12 inches (15 – 30 cm) per year / 5 to 10 feet (1.5 – 3 m) after 10 years The bark can be scaly or fibrous and peeling with vertical strips. The genus has previously been visited in some depth by Buchholz and Gray (1948a, 1948b, 1948c; Gray 1956, Gray 1958) and by de Laubenfels (1969, 1985), and these autho… 50: 340. Podocarpus neglecta Blume Common Name: Brown Pine Tree growing in Marimurtra botanical garden, in Blanes (Catalonia). Each triangular microsporophyll has two basal pollen-producing pollen sacs. [9], Genus of conifers in the family Podocarpaceae, A yellowwood by any other name: molecular systematics and the taxonomy of, Data sheet - Podocarpus,, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, de Laubenfels, D. J. Podocarpus gracilior (African Fern Pine) is a medium to large, coniferous evergreen tree of erect, open airy habit with pendant branches covered with narrow, fine-textured, soft gray-green leaves of fern-like appearance. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. [1], Podocarpus spp. The podocarpus aphid is recognizable by its blueish purple color (Figure 1). Dense growth of fine-textured foliage makes it an attractive lawn tree or large screening Habitats: Mountains, C. and S. Japan[58]. APNI* Description: Medium to large tree with brown to dark brown bark that is often fissured and scaly on old trees. The podocarpus aphid is recognizable by its blueish purple color (Figure 1). Podocarpus macrophyllus, commonly called yew plum pine or Buddhist pine, is native to mountainous areas of China and Japan. The red, purple, or bluish fleshy cone (popularly called a "fruit") of most species of Podocarpus are edible, raw or cooked into jams or pies. Taxus makoya Forbes : Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) Common name Mountain totara, Hall’s totara, thin-barked totara, totara-kiri-kotukutuku Synonyms Podocarpus hallii Kirk; Podocarpus cunninghamii Colenso Family Podocarpaceae Authority Podocarpus laetus Hooibr. Common names of the plant include Big-leaf podocarp, Buddhist pine, Japanese yew, Shrubby yew, Shrubby podocarpus, Yew plum pine, Broad-leaved podocarp, Southern yew, Long-leaved podocarp, big leaf podocarp, yew plum Slabs from this specie can be wide, but often not very long. Previously known as Podocarpus hallii and Podocarpus cunninghamii, in 2015 it was realised that the much earlier name P. laetus has priority. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. Type species, Podocarpus elongatus. It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, reaching 20 m tall. Trees may be referred to as male or female. Other common names include Japanese yew, yew pine, southern yew, yew podocarpus and podocarpus. It is an evergreen conifer that typically grows as a narrow-conical tree to 50’ tall or sometimes as a large shrub. Ecology Ripe fruits are eaten by bats, bushpigs, fruit-eating birds (Cape parrots, purple-crested, Knysna and Ross's louries, Rameron, African green and Delagorgue's pigeons). It is a popular large shrub or small tree in gardens, particularly in Japan and the Southeastern United States. [1], The pollen cones are long and catkin-like in shape. vs. Podocarpus … Heavy exposure to the pollen, such as with a male Podocarpus planted near a bedroom window, can produce symptoms that mimic the cytotoxic side effects of chemotherapy.[9]. [1] The trees can reach a height of 40 meters at their tallest. The fern pine originated in Africa and favors a warmer climate, doing best in USDA zones 9 through 11. rej. Species of conifer in the family Podocarpaceae, "Podocarpus Macrophyllus - Bonsai Empire",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 16:31. 2) Origin: not native to North America Uses: espalier; hedge; suitable for growing indoors; large parking lot islands (> 200 square feet in size); The tree grows … The fleshy cones attract birds, which then eat the cones and disperse the seeds in their droppings. This plant is highly salt tolerant and drought tolerant. Brown pine; Malaya: jati bukit (Pahang); Sumatra: ambai ayam (Indragiri); hatang (Tapanuli); kayu tadji (Palembang); minangkas (Bencoolen); naru dotan (Simalur I. Podocarpus is a characteristic tree of the Antarctic flora, which originated in the cool, moist climate of southern Gondwana, and elements of the flora survive in the humid temperate regions of the former supercontinent. It is widely distributed in mountain forests of the Southern Hemisphere and occurs as far north as Mexico, southern China, and southern Japan. The cones have two to five fused cone scales which form a fleshy, berry-like, brightly coloured receptacle at maturity. About 97 to 107 species are placed in the genus depending on the circumscription of the species. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) Previous Names: Podocarpus falcatus,Decussocarpus falcatus, Nageia falcate, Nageia meyeriana, Podocarpus gracillimus, Podocarpus meyerianus, Taxus falcata. The cones have two to five fused cone scales, which form a fleshy, berry-like, brightly coloured receptacle at maturity. The Afrocarpus cone lacks the fleshy, often brightly colored, structure (called a receptacle) of Podocarpus cones. The ripe cone arils are edible, though the seed should not be eaten. Family Podocarpaceae Scientific Name Podocarpus elatus R.Br. [5], Media related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikimedia Commons Podocarpusis one of the largest of all conifer genera, here treated in 104 species (scroll down to "Distribution and Ecology" for a species menu). It is the northernmost species of the genus, native to southern Japan and southern and eastern China. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. [1][3][4][5], Common names for various species include "yellowwood" and "pine",[3] as in the plum pine (Podocarpus elatus)[6] or the Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus). Podocarpus grayae is very widespread and in many places common, with abundant regeneration. The cones develop from axillary buds, and may be solitary or form clusters. Family Podocarpaceae Scientific Name Podocarpus grayae de Laub. The Plant List includes a further 100 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Podocarpus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Also known as a Japanese yew or Buddhist pine, Podocarpus is a fast-growing evergreen that provides beautiful color and shade year-round. They are generally trees, but may also be shrubs. Taxus macrophylla Thunb. In China, it is known as 羅漢松 or luóhàn sōng, which literally means "arhat pine". In China, it is known as 羅漢松 or luóhàn sōng, which literally means "arhat pine". The crown forms a somewhat pyramidal to oval outline. Over one hundred species constitute the genus Podocarpus, a name translated as fruit-foot to describe the fleshy fruit stalk described by an early plant explorer. Podocarpus (/ˌpoʊdəˈkɑːrpəs/[2]) is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family, the Podocarpaceae. Because of its resistance to termites and water, inumaki is used for quality wooden houses in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Common Name: Podocarp Yellow-wood About 100 species of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs; bark exfoliates in strips. Terminal buds are distinctive with bud scales that are often imbricate and can be spreading. [3] Some shrubby species have a decumbent growth habit. In recent years, the illegal digging of Buddhist pine has become a problem in the city. It dominates on some sandy coastal areas such as Otatara. The primary branches form pseudowhorls around the trunk. They may be sessile or short pedunculate. About 100 species of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs; bark exfoliates in strips. Podocarpus and the Podocarpaceae were endemic to the ancient supercontinent of Gondwana, which broke up into Africa, South America, India, Australia-New Guinea, New Zealand, and New Caledonia between 105 and 45 million years ago. Although it is cold-hardy to as low as 15 F, it should be protect… are extremely allergenic, and have an OPALS allergy-scale rating of 10 out of 10. [1][3][8] Juvenile leaves are often larger than adult leaves, though similar in shape. The two subgenera, Podocarpus and Foliolatus, are distinguished by cone and seed morphology. They were used by the Māori for canoes and carving. Kusamaki (クサマキ) and inumaki (犬槇) are Japanese names for this tree. A seed cone of P. totara showing a red receptacle and a green epimatium, The natural distribution of the genus consists of much of Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, and several South Pacific islands. Podocarpus is used for furniture, wood turning, and specialty wood objects. This upright, dense evergreen has pointed, leathery, dark green leaves arranged on stiff, symmetrical branches and works very well as a screen, hedge, strong accent plant, or framing tree. Species are distributed in the temperate forests of Tasmania, New Zealand, and southern Chile, with a few occurring in the tropical highlands of Africa and the Americas. maki. [1], The seed cones are highly modified with the few cone scales swelling and fusing at maturity. Another species is Laubenfels, D.J. Podocarpus laetus is a species of conifer in the family Podocarpaceae, commonly known as Hall's tōtara, mountain tōtara or thin-barked tōtara. Small fleshy, greenish-yellow to purple, plum-like cones are produced. Yellow-wood. Sweet – yew plum pine. Additionally, the leaves, stems, bark, and pollen are cytotoxic. Common Name: Podocarp. The ridge forest of the Blue Mountain and John Crow Mountains National Park where it occurs, is considered to represent a single location (especially in Threats Land clearance and [9], Podocarpus is related to yews, and as with yews, the stems, leaves, flowers, and pollen of Podocarpus are all poisonous. Podocarpus chinensis. Podocarpus urbanii has an estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) of 50 km2. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Decussocarpus Decussocarpus de Laubenfels, J. Arnold Arbor. The male Podocarpus blooms and releases this cytotoxic pollen in the spring and early summer. 1 2 3 Answer Who doesn't love being #1? What is the common name for Podocarpus? A sequence of classification schemes has moved species between Nageia and Podocarpus, and in 1969, de Laubenfels divided the huge genus Podocarpus into Dacrycarpus, Decussocarpus (an invalid name he later revised to the valid Nageia), Prumnopitys, and Podocarpus. The seed cone consists of two to five cone scales of which only the uppermost one or rarely two nearest the apex of the cone are fertile. (1985). Podocarpus alpinus - a dwarf form with smaller and less coarse foliage than P. macrophyllus. P. macrophyllus occurs in forests, open thickets, and roadsides from near sea level to 1000 m above it.[3]. Common Names Japanese Yew, Yew Podocarpus Common Use Hedge, tree, topiary Scientific Name Podocarpus macrophyllus Cold Hardiness Very cold hardy Light Needs Full sun to partial shade tolerated Flower No flower Water Scientific name: Podocarpus macrophyllus Pronunciation: poe-doe-KAR-pus mack-roe-FILL-us Common name(s): Podocarpus, Yew-Pine, Japanese Yew Family: Podocarpaceae USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. The Podocarpus genus is a collection of several species of non-native evergreen trees. It is NOT a pine but a distinct genus, the second largest after pine with 97 species (Farjon, 2010). An unquantified decline in the past (mostly more than three generations ago) has now virtually ceased, due to protection of remaining forests and altered forest management. Subordinate Taxa. (A large family of mainly southern hemisphere conifers, which includes ou… It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Conversely, completely female Podocarpus plants have an OPALS rating of 1, and are considered "allergy-fighting", as they capture pollen while producing none. Common names in English include yew plum pine, Buddhist pine and fern pine. The Plant List It is the northernmost species of the genus, native to southern Japan and southern and eastern China. Be the first to answer this question. When mature, the scales swell up and become reddish purple, fleshy, and berry-like, 10–20 mm long; they are then eaten by birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. ex Endl. 16. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The African fern pine, one of relatively few conifers native to Africa, was recently separated from the genus Podocarpus into a new genus, Afrocarpus. Podocarpus macrophylla (also called P. chinensis): kusamaki, Buddhist pine, Chinese yew, bigleaf podocarpus, swallow’s tongue pine - this Chinese native bears green or purple fruit. Leaves spirally arranged, often twisted at the base and appearing opposite in 2 ranks, flattened, 1-15 cm long. The cones are borne on a short stem, and have two to four scales, usually only one (sometimes two) fertile, each fertile scale bearing a single apical seed 10–15 mm. ex Endl. Each cone generally has only one seed, but may have two or rarely more.

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