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attentional bias drug addiction

12, No. 4, pp. Attentional bias (AB) is hypothesized to have a causal contribution to substance abuse, addiction development and, maintenance. The attentional bias involves the tendency to pay attention to some things while simultaneously ignoring others. Objectives: The purpose of this article is to critically evaluate the following claims derived from contemporary theoretical models of attentional bias (AB) for food-and drug-related stimuli: (a) AB is a characteristic feature of obesity and addiction, (b) AB predicts future behavior, (c) AB exerts a causal influence on consummatory behavior, and (d) AB reflects appetitive motivational processes. Measurement. Chapter. 2014 September; 3(3): e18669. The noradrenaline system has been critically implicated in both attentional and response inhibitory processes and is directly affected by drugs such as cocaine. Basic cognitive neuroscience research suggests that ignoring emotionally evocative stimuli in our environment requires both up-regulation of control networks and down-regulation of processing in emotion and reward regions. 4, pp. This study provides a systematic review of the effectiveness of ABM interventions in decreasing symptoms of addictive behaviour, taking baseline levels of attentional bias and changes in attentional bias into account. Attentional bias is one of the most studied cognitive processes in addiction. Patients with cocaine dependence and PTSD, as compared to patients with only cocaine addiction and control participants, showed excessive cue reactivity to both drug- and trauma-related visual stimuli. At baseline, the sample did not exhibit a significant attentional bias toward smoking cues, t(48) = 0.46, not significant (ns). In addiction, a hyper-attentive state may develop towards drug-related cues, characterised as an attention bias to such cues. Journal Rationale: Biased attention towards drug-related cues and reduced inhibitory control over the regulation of drug-intake characterize drug addiction. Attentional bias scores are presented in Table 1. A consistent feature of addiction is the attentional bias for drug-related stimuli (eg, drug paraphernalia). Journal of Neurotherapy: Vol. Attentional bias modification (ABM) interventions have been developed to address addiction by reducing attentional bias for substance-related cues. In synthesizing the findings regarding attentional bias and cue-induced craving, we suggest that MBIs may restructure attentional bias away from drug-related reinforcing stimuli (e.g., drug-cues, negative affective stimuli) and facilitate the addict’s attempts to deal with associated cravings. Background and Aims Cognitive bias modification (CBM) interventions, presumably targeting automatic processes, are considered particularly promising for addictions. Request PDF | On Jan 1, 2010, Matt Field and others published Attentional Bias to Drug Cues | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. When you are trying to make an important decision, do you always consider all of the possibilities? Perceptual preferences for drug-linked stimuli are an essential element within the neurobiology of addiction. Methods Studies were identified through systematic searches in bibliographical databases. As drug seeking, drug procurement, and drug use rise to the top of one’s motivational priorities, one develops attentional bias toward words, symbols, and images linked to these substances. A common type of Attentional Bias is one in which two conditions can be present (see the example below), meaning there are four possible outcomes. Because drug stimuli produce conditioned responses that may motivate drug taking, biased attention toward these cues may play an important role in drug use and relapse following treatment. Dean A.C. et al. Read "Attentional bias training and cue reactivity in cigarette smokers, Addiction" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. However, CET does not specifically reduce attentional bias. Attentional Bias to Drug- and Stress-Related Pictorial Cues in Cocaine Addiction Comorbid with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. “Researchers have found that people who have eating disorders tend to pay more attention to stimuli related to food, while individuals experiencing drug addictions tend to be hyper-sensitive to drug-related cues. Drug and Alcohol Dependence , 67(2), pp.185-191. The most commonly used task is a modified version of the classic “Stroop” task. 205-225. doi: 10.1080/10874200802502185 Most profound differences were found in the amplitude and latency of frontal P3a, and centro-parietal P3b ERP components. Comparing attentional bias to smoking cues in current smokers, former smokers, and non-smokers using a dot-probe task. Despite a somewhat higher attentional bias at baseline in the training group (mean difference = 9.80), this was not statistically significant, t(47) = 1.75, ns. Stroop tests tend to show subjects with anxiety disorders are more easily distracted and more prone to attentional bias. ABSTRACT Aims Attentional bias for drug‐related cues has been associated with drug maintenance and relapse. Attentional biases for drug-related stimuli play a prominent role in addiction, predicting treatment outcomes.

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