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If there are three seats to be won in an election then in theory a quota of 33.3% of the vote (Hare) is needed to win every seat. An act rarely forgiven in Commonwealth countries but common in the USA. Country house retreat of the British Prime Minister. For this brief time, now, Britain has no government. It is up to the general public to assess whether they think that Party will stick to their Manifesto or not, very tricky! Aka Shy Tory Factor. The ‘board of directors’ of executive government. The underground Moorlocks being the producers of the necessities of life for all, while the above ground Eloi live a banal carefree existence with all needs and desires fulfilled, while slowly becoming dissolute and naïve, little realising they are being kept as a source of food. To find out and publish on the internet private or identifying information about a public figure or organisation, such as their address. Jarring:Incongruous, doesn’t seem to fit, seems out of place. Polling stations will all close at the same agreed time where upon teams of people begin the count. health insurance companies on average charge women higher rates than men because statistics show women seek medical help more often. Come Sit a Spell [idiom]. Like how only dogs can hear the dog whistle, only the target political audience can comprehend the real meaning of the innocuous words spoken by the politician. The tendency to process and analyse information in alignment with one’s own pre-existing beliefs and values. A concept in American constitutional law to describe a situation where fundamental constitutional principles can be overlooked in exigent circumstances. We need a few more definitions before we move on. The leverage a small party in the legislature possesses, in being able to give, or hold back, voting support to a large, albeit still minority party, to allow it to have a majority on a vote. We will try to tread through this minefield together to understand the keywords and phrases. Originally that body of law which was common to all parts of England (not customary or local law) and developed over centuries from the English courts to be adopted and further developed in countries using that system. Lindsay Dinan is originally from the South West of England between Dartmoor and the sea. The American Vice President is, ex officio, the President of the Senate. for ‘famous case’. Aka ‘closure’ or ‘guillotine’. In the realms of political terminology, the term dominion can be directly attributed to the Fathers of Confederation and it is one of the very few, distinctively Canadian contributions in this area. Aka  “playing the man, not the ball”. Derived from a fable about a group of mice who decide the best way to be warned when the cat is near is for someone to place a bell around its neck, only to find there are no volunteers to perform that task. Organic matter used as fuel, such as wood for heating and electricity generation. The system of law, as exists in the Anglo-American world, where an issue is argued in court by two opposing sides, the prosecutor or plaintiff, and the defence. The ‘cronies’ of politicians receive favouritism in legal permits, government grants, tax breaks, licences and other forms of state intervention. Abused: Taken advantage of, hurt. The local candidates and the Party Leaders have put forward their, resident in the UK or British National is entitled to vote, but in order to do so you need to be on the, The day arrives and local vilage halls or sometimes school rooms are turned into, votes are counted, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wakes up to. To be elected/To get elected: To be the Candidate with the most votes! At the time, ‘bully’ had the positive meaning of superb or wonderful. Term possibly used to disguise the fact that approximately half of all voters in SMV systems end up electing nobody. A bird dog is a retriever who runs into the bushes and flushes birds out into the open. Every resident in the UK or British National is entitled to vote, but in order to do so you need to be on the ‘Electoral Register’. Attacking the presenter of an argument rather than the argument itself. The minister then answers directly or, within a specific time, provides a written response, which usually is also published online. A bellwether is a ram with a bell attached to indicate to the farmer where the flock is when not in sight. uncompromising and difficult! In other words, this elected person should do everything they can to take the problems and queries of the people in the constituency to Parliament to be discussed and hopefully changed. think what obstacles might arise or who might try to stop you. Candidates: People who put themselves forward to be voted for in an Election. A form of federalism where the individual regions that make up the sovereign state exercise a larger degree of autonomy. A law where there may have been conjecture as to its meaning, but where appellate courts have subsequently settled the issue. Political definition, of, relating to, or concerned with politics: political writers. Political Suicide: A vote or action that is likely to be so unpopular with voters as to cause a politician's probable loss in the next election. The name for proposed legislation entered into the house / houses of parliament to be debated upon for approval. The devotion to the interests of others (alter in Latin) above that of the self. Also includes agricultural products, animal products and animal wastes. Fr. His examples include the existence of Opposite to the inquisitorial system where a judge or panel of judges call evidence and interrogate witnesses, as exists in many European countries. The shortfall in any one year of a nation’s income as compared to its expenditure / the total unpaid accumulated debt of the government over time. However, just to make things complicated, the country HOLDS an election! MI5 is a Civil Service whilst some of the James Bond characters such as Q, M and Moneypenny would be Civil Servants. This includes all voted representatives in Parliament PLUS all the departments, and people in those departments, working for the government. The reason for this is that power would be in transition due to an election being due or being called suddenly due to the success of a vote of no confidence, or some other situation where legitimate democratic government has to be restored. The concept of moral obligation and binding duty. Allegedly the amalgam of two George Orwell’s creations from his novel 1984, Doublethink and Newspeak. An informal, unarranged interview with a politician or other public figure, often undertaken when entering or exiting his/her home or place of business, by a single or group of reporters. Abused: Taken advantage of, hurt. 1)Conflict of Interests Definition: a situation in which a person is in a position to derive personal benefit from actions or decisions made in their official capacity. The power to do something or hold an office by virtue of the fact that one holds an earlier office. British-American poet and historian of the Soviet Union and other aspects of 20th century totalitarianism. The concerted defensive mode of response a political player sometimes adopts to offset the negative publicity when an embarrassing “situation” develops, such as a controversial comment, evidence of a scandal, egregious hypercritical actions or abuse of public position. In pro-rep electoral systems the realistic quota to win a seat versus the theoretical quota. This usually happens automatically when you pay taxes in the UK. The political terminology in Russian and Polish language. The strength and integrity of a constitution is often reflected by the difficulty it is to be changed. whilst the people working in them are CIVIL SERVANTS. There are plenty more but most attention is given to the top 3. Derogatory term for a politician who panics easily and shows signs of caving when newer, creative, or more ideological policies their party advocates start to come under criticism. An impractical suggestion that highlights the short sightedness of the theorist advocating a problem’s solution which, however, will not in work in practice, or be politically lethal for the party proposing it. In the US the taking must be for “public use” and “just compensation” must be paid. The term is sometimes used in other countries although in Britain the equivalent concept is “the Westminster Bubble”. So far so good!eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'myenglishteacher_eu-leader-3','ezslot_18',678,'0','0'])); The MANIFESTO is a controversial subject in Britain. To run something: To be in charge of something, leader, owner. Assistant Minority Leader A suggested electoral system where votes are somehow weighted according to the degree of knowledge of the voter. Political science is a broad field of study. For a non-national, even someone speaking at a high level of fluency, this is a minefield with no margin for error! for beautiful epoch. A suddenly vacated Senate seat filled not by an election but by State government appointment. A derogatory Chinese term to describe what the speaker sees as a naïve white liberal advocating modern ideologies such as peace, empathy and equality in a virtue signalling manner, Spanish for neighbourhood or quarter. Fr. fluent, it will sound strange and jarring. Term of office: The period of time a Government is in power. An economic and political system in which private individuals and corporations control trade and industry Cathaoirleach The Irish word for chairperson Caucus A group or a meeting of people, especially members of a political party, with power to decide on policy Cause A goal or aim of a group of people, normally for social or political change With regards to the lower house, single member, central government, the UK is  divided into 650 House of Commons “seats” while the United States has 435 House of Representatives “districts”, and Australia 151 “divisions” or “seats”. A condition of lawlessness and disorder brought about by the absence of any controlling authority. Bill is from the Latin ‘bulla’, seal, relating to a sealed document, and act from ‘actum, meaning a thing completed or formally done. By dawn the next day all votes are counted, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wakes up to begin another 5 years of a democratically elected Government, here’s hoping it was the Party you wanted! How to respond to How Are You? She now lives with her family in Western France. Also the term for a group of people within an establishment with a common political leaning. A PURE STRATEGY for a player in a particular basic political terminology pdf free game Télécharger is a complete contingency plan, i. Formal and Informal Email Phrases – from Greetings to Closing Phrases! All of them could say they were working, although her role is mainly symbolic), the, The Prime Minister of the UK David Cameron has, All very specific terminology and phrasing. A controversy (often a court case) arousing high public interest because of policy issues at stake. The Public Purse: Money collected by government in the form of taxes. View Basic Political Terminology from ENGLISH LA AP LITERAT at New Century Tech Demo High Sch. A tax on the spending of income rather than the earning of it, so as to include people who might otherwise evade income tax such as those in the black economy or successful with tax avoidance schemes. The ultimate set of laws to which all other laws made by contemporary governments are subservient to. A carpet bag was a fashionable form of luggage of the time used by northern “Yankees”, political appointees or businessmen, who moved down to southern states during the American post-Civil War Reconstruction era taking advantage of the instability, power vacuum and fire sale prices of the property market. From the Greek ‘demos’ for the ordinary, common people and ‘kratos’ for power or strength. A member of Parliament (government or opposition) who is not in a leadership role in their party but merely sits literally on the back bench. You might ‘HOLD a party in her honour’, or ‘HOLD a service in his memory’. But, as if that’s not bad enough, once in power, they are under NO obligation to stick to it at all! Rather than the usual 40 Senate seats being up for election (a so called half-Senate election), the full complement of 76 seats are vacated and thus the (state) quota to win a seat drops from 14.3% to 7.7%, thus making it easier for smaller parties to be successful. Key Terms free in Post- basic political terminology pdf Colonial Theory. All the content has been written by Dr. Johnson and is updated periodically. Also relevant is when the rate changes over time indicating one country’s economy is not doing as well as the other. She now lives with her family in Western France. A paper handed to each voter on election day to be marked, showing the names of the candidates (and sometimes the parties) who are standing for election. Israel was unable to become a party to the additional Protocols because political terminology had intruded into … Their economics can be summed up as socialism is about government and capitalism is about the free market. A variant of preferential voting eliminating the chances of minority candidates winning when too many mainstream candidates run against each other. Ongoing work within Parliament is trying to ensure that a position in government is not abused, but it is a difficult one. The Australian electorate of Eden-Monaro has voted in a government MP at every election since 1972. All decisions by the Prime Minister have to be agreed by Cabinet. To run something: To be in charge of something, leader, owner. The action or process of treating a person as a mere commodity rather than someone possessing civil rights such as autonomy. This dictionary provides the user with the basic vocabulary used in the fields of government and politics, especially in the United Kingdom, the European Union and the United States, and also contains some more informal terms used in the media. There was Party called the Monster Raving Loony Party, a Party that wore funny clothes and didn’t take themselves seriously, they won surprise elections and ended up in Parliament! Popular British 19th century working class movement advocating electoral reform. Often the right to secede and the sole right to raise taxes, the funding of the central government coming from the regions. The executive comprises public service officials from the Prime Minister/ President down, and is responsible for the daily administration of the state. A situation in a country when a government agency, such as a branch of the armed forces, an intelligence agency, police, or a bureaucratic department, acts (conspiratorially or overtly) independently of civilian democratic leadership. Dorothy Dix was an American newspaper advice columnist who prefered questions she made up herself. Campaigns happen outside politics too, perhaps the most famous one in Britain was the ‘Anti-Hunting Campaign’. Derived from original 1892 American Press Association offices which happened to be housed next to a sheet-iron processing plant, and third rate, filler, news articles issued became known as B. Period of relative peace and optimism between the Franco Prussian War and World War I (1871-1914), marked by progress in the arts, literature, technology and economic development where “European civilisation exerted its maximum influence upon” the world. Belligerent diplomatic relations where at least one party is prepared to risk all and go to the brink of war/ economic ruin/ or whatever calamitous situation, to get what they want. Named after their Peoples’ Charter of six demands: universal male suffrage, equal electoral districts, secret ballot, no qualifications to enter parliament, pay for MPs and annual elections. Politics are confusing, scary, overwhelming, intimidating. That which teaches us to govern ourselves.”      Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. NOT the Departments and the Civil Service. For a non-national, even someone speaking at a high level of fluency, this is a minefield with no margin for error! British import tariffs on grains (rye, malt and wheat) in the early nineteenth century, so as to maintain the high price of local produce which benefited the farm owners, who themselves maintained significant political influence. Technically, a voter who is successful in helping to get his preferred candidate elected. Start studying Basic Political Terminology. All very specific terminology and phrasing. The ESL politics vocabulary list on this page will let you learn many words about elections and politics. In the US it is ratification by either two-thirds of both the Senate and H.O.R., or three quarters of the state governments. This, includes all voted representatives in Parliament PLUS all the departments, and people in. The Prime Minister of the UK David Cameron has CALLED a General Election: The UK is currently HOLDING an Election. Landslide victory

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