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paley's watch argument

The argument itself is a posteriori and inductive meaning that everyone can understand and relate to it and it is easy to understand. So we’ll address that here – by briefly explaining the main argument.). Paley also addressed a number of possible counterarguments: Objection: We don’t know who the watchmaker is. Regarding Special Pleading 2.) He concludes that because the universe is complex, its designer must be complex – the way a watch or the universe is complex. Watch’s / universe’s imperfections do not exclude a designer 3. Thus they do not help in the selecting for survival. This is critical to understand because this error is the foundation of many other errors in the video. His argument went something like this. It Doesn’t Imply a Designer, it Implies Many (mistake @ 6:19) What is design argument in simplest form? Notice the main features of the arguments above: each instance requires: 1. forethought and planning, 2. The argument is based on the identification of design. Thes… Thus examining the evidence as Paley did, one must conclude that God is eternal, and thus uncreated, and thus without beginning or end, and thus uncaused and un-designed. Marciej Giertych ref. Key Point Based on the way the world is, God logically exists. Paley’s argument has both its strengths and its weaknesses. Thus the conclusion from the teleological argument about God is not only does God who created the universe exist, but  based on the nature of that universe, he must be eternal, immaterial, omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent – just as the Bible depicts him. At most I will grant the argument does not identify the Abrahamic God – but that’s not the point of the argument. No amount of clear, logical reasoning will convince those who do not want to believe. The Watchmaker Argument: Fredrik Bendz summarizes a number of objections to Paley's argument—most relating to the fallacy of false analogy. Just as a watch, with its inteligent design and complex function must have been created by an intelligent maker: a watchmaker, the universe, with all its complexity and greatness, must have been created by an intelligent and powerful creator. The analogy between telescope and eye, between watch … His most famous argument is called the watchmaker analogy, where Paley makes an inference from the complexity of living systems to a "designer". ( Log Out /  Self contradicting (mistake @ 5:54) William Paley begins his “Argument from Design” by enumerating key differences between two obviously dissimilar objects—a stone and a watch. Watch / universe is not product of impersonal principle of order, 6. ... Paley’s Watchmaker and Design Argument. "Paley's argument is made with passionate sincerity and is informed by the best biological scholarship of the day, but it is wrong, gloriously and utterly wrong. I was asked to defend the assessment  I made  of a critique of Paley‘s argument by YouTube channel “Rationality Rules”, in which I claimed the video was a joke because it misunderstood the argument and used straw man arguments and logical flaws.  Specifically I was asked to defend: 1.) I’ve written a number of articles on why Evolution is impossible. The use of a watch is just to help the reader understand why we can indentify that the watch is designed.  The universe is also clearly designed. Also false. Full video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s06w4pXvUyk&t=400s Join George and John as they discuss and debate different Philosophical ideas. And what can we learn from the creation?  We learn that God is timeless, eternal, and all powerful among other things.  How do we know this?  As already stated, from an examination  of the nature of creation. Back, 2. 6. What is William Paley's argument for design. Gravity. STUDY. ( Log Out /  Unit 5.4 Paley's Watch Argument. The above are not the words Paley use. That concludes his flawed arguments. 2.  His understanding of the use of complexity is flawed. his assertion that Paley confuses correlation with causation, also another false assertion that is unfounded. Moving on he keeps referring to the argument as an “analogy” which, as I’ve already pointed out is incorrect. “Every indicator of contrivance, every manifestation of design, which existed in the watch, exists in the works of nature; with the difference, on the side of nature, of being greater and more, and that in a degree which exceeds all computation. But once again, Paley’s point is not on the complexity alone. The video blogger goes on to defines special pleading as “an argument in which the speaker deliberately creates an exception to their argument without justifying why. Here he invokes the common atheist “Who designed God?” argument by trying to “apply the argument to itself.”. An overview of William Paley's Watch analogy for students of religious studies and philosophy of religion. 2. The universe is vastly more complex and gigantic than a watch. Bryana_Polk2. Ex Nihilo  (Mistake @ 6:55) “… It commits a false cause fallacy. To follow the example in the argument, we know the watch is complex by examination. What are his (and mine) logical flaws? – so the creator must be omnipotent. But Paley’s concepts of “purposeful design” [5] and “contrivances” [6] anticipate these concepts, and thus his argument is clearly a teleological one – not an argument based on analogy. Back, 4. To deny that there exists items that are “uncomplicated and random” and other items that are “complicated and ordered” is to deny reality.  So he’s really quite deceptive here, making claims the argument does not make, but then, that’s what straw man arguments do. First, to think of God in those terms is to fall to the error of Anthropomorphism – God is not complex in that manner – with many pieces and parts and complex workings the way a watch or the universe is.  God is immaterial and thus has no such parts. Therefore, the watch can be simply replaced for another object and there would be a different outcome. The universe resembles, is like the watch. Thanks, and yes you’re correct on both accounts – like the Pharisees who refused to see the miracle of the healing of the blind man (John 9), skeptics who don’t want to see evidence of God simply won’t. Rather  specified complexity – as Dembski put it, or “purposeful complexity”  as Paley put it which includes “contrivances” as he described, is what requires a designer. The reason they tend to a goal (the target) is because they have been set in motion “under the direction of someone with awareness and with understanding.” [1]  In other words, they have a goal maker, or put another way an intelligence with a design in mind – to hit the target. State Paley’s argument for God’s existence as clearly as possible. 4. One of his concluding statements is rather revealing: “Though the watch maker argument is thoroughly flawed it is nevertheless what I personally consider to be one of the best arguments for a deity that has ever been.”. Perhaps the most famous variant of this argument is the William Paley’s “watch” argument. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Further it’s incorrect because: Flashcards. William Paley’s book, Natural Theology, is a work of monumental importance. On Paley’s use of “contrivances” Those who try to refute this argument always seem to miss that point. He further claims “We know for a fact that nature can, does and has produced remarkably complex organisms without a conscious and intelligent behind them.”(4:14) We know no such thing. Match. You’ll see it if he eliminates these inferior options or rationalizations: 1.. We have not seen a watch before or being made, so we really can’t infer it’s designed, 2. I. Analogical Teleological Argument : If I stumbled on a stone and asked how it came to be there, it would be difficult to show that the answer, it has lain there forever is absurd. But natural selection reduces genetic information. Ignores Natural Selection (Mistake @ 3:52) Presumptions God exists The world has been created by God 4. By looking at his creation – since we can’t examine him directly. How does Paley answer the objection that the universe could have come into order and pattern by chance? Thanks. Terms in this set (29) Form of Argument by Analogy. It has been hugely influential in the field of natural sciences – especially Biology – even though the majority of people have never heard of it. Because it undercuts two arguments used to try to defeat Paley’s watchmaker argument. Creation, i.e.  The Universe consists of: Time 2. Part 3. How do I know? Yet the Video blogger never addresses this real argument, thus the glaring flaw, and the straw man argument. The argument from design is sometimes call the teleological argument. )  He should make up his mind. So clearly this objection is already false, but let’s play along. What are his straw man objections? Because it is so clear, so easy to understand, so obvious, that it is a powerful argument for the existence of God. )  The argument speaks to the designer of the universe. 4. And that is precisely what one must do to prevent the watchmaker argument from being completely self refuting.”. Though many objections are put forth, all fail spectacularly for usually the same small set of reasons: either because the skeptic doesn’t understand the argument and thus raises irrelevant objections –, William Dembski’s “specified complexity” is a teleological argument. As I noted above, complexity by itself does not require a designer. In reference to the argument, Voltaire once commented “if a watch confirms the existence of a watchmaker, but the universe fails to demonstrate the presence of a great Architect, then I consent to be labeled a fool.” Today, the analogy is credited with William Paley who outlined the argument in his book Natural Theology(1802). What are the similarities between Paley’s watch argument and Thomas’s fifth way? If the video is a “joke” then why does it seem to represent the argument accurately according to Christian presentations and others’? Learn. If we came across this watch even if we didn’t The identification of design requires a designer. Suppose you come upon a rock and a watch. Write. So I’ve already answered #1 – it does not represent the argument accurately, but let me apply it to this video: The universe resembles, is like the watch. The various pieces and parts were fashioned to achieve a particular end or goal, and thus they have an intelligent goal maker. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. I could take this point by point – e.g. 1. Answer where the necessary increase in information comes to do things like change body types. Paley attempts to show that just as a watch, which is a complex device that fulfills a certain function, requires a maker, the universe, which is equally sophisticated and has complex life forms must have a designer. Even if it were accepted to be a sound argument (‘which it’s not’ he puts on the screen), it would only prove that the universe had a universe designer.”  So once again, going down this path, he concedes God, but now he’s playing ignorant on what we mean by “God”.  Well I’ve already defined that in number 6 above. 1) Entities w, x, and y have attributes A, B and C 2) Entity z have attribute A and B 3) Therefore, entity z … The argument hinges upon the assumed premise that 'like causes resemble like effects'. What makes it the case that this is a better explanation of the existence of the watch than an explanation which attributes the existence of the watch to a series of more or less random natural events? But he fails at that too. which is created – which means the creator must be beyond or outside of time since he existed “before” he created it;  Thus the creator is eternal, Material/Matter 2. Here he states, “The watch maker argument doesn’t support theism. Telos means end (as in “endzone” in football) or purpose or goal. 10. [emphasis his] Contingency ensures that the object in question is not the result of an automatic and therefore unintelligent process…”[3] More on that later. The 'watch analogy' from William Paley is an 'a posteriori' (based upon experience, as opposed to the use of logic) argument for the existence of God. (And of course defeating a straw man argument is irrelevant to the real, actual argument.  Apparently those who use straw men arguments hope the audience is not well versed enough in the real argument to spot it. Another common objection is that complexity doesn’t require a designer. The philosopher compares the creator to a watchmaker and states that the presence of design proves the existence of a designer, although some of his ideas and statements fail to pass a logical approach. In his work, Paley uses a teleological argument based on the watchmaker analogy. The analogy is NOT the argument. which is created – which means the creator must be “beyond” space or omnipresent, Information The whole point of his little video is to prove that the watchmaker doesn’t imply a designer. This is the fallacy of Division. Statement of the Argument In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone, and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer, that, for anything I knew to the Once again I must wonder if he has ever read Paley’s argument or is intentionally misrepresenting it – which is at best the fallacy of suppressed evidence and at worse the fallacy of lying. First:  problems in the design does not negate the fact that we can still detect design.  If a house is half burned down, we can still detect it was once a house. Therefore, the universe is (probably) a product of intelligent design (purpose) 4. Back, Featured Image Improbable” simply fail: “, How does he know the designer is complex? It appears to be a logical argument – most people would agree that if they were to come across a watch they would assume it had a designer. Therefore, the (probable) designer of the universe is powerful and vastly intelligent. Or second, the attempted rebuttals fail because of the use of other logical fallacies. Incompetent Design (Mistake @ 7:40) Paley argues that, if one was to find a watch laying on the ground and was to be aske… Paley talks about “contrivances” with clearly designed goals and purposes – which results in complexity. The universe is vastly more complex and gigantic than a watch. How might we learn something about God? He points to an arrow consistently hitting a target. Watch is not product of laws of metallic nature, 8. 7. In the Second, he attempts to expose Paley’s argument as manifestly poor when interpreted in this way. Here’s one that deals with a topic we’ve been discussing – specified complexity – and why Neo-Darwinism – and Dawkins’ “Mt. Therefore, the universe is (probably) a product of intelligent design (purpose). He then goes on to “formally” attempt to debunk the argument. The only thing in Neo-Darwinism that can add information is mutations – and they are almost always negative in impact (video). And now that you see all his fatal flaws in his attempts to refute it, and you see it thus remains un-refuted, we are left with: “It is what I personally consider to be one of the best arguments for a deity that has ever been.” To that, I agree. This is what we expect from the creator of life and the universe. But in doing so he concedes the existence of a designer. )Paley's teleological argument is based on an analogy: Watchmaker is to watch as God is to universe. 3. The critique asserts that “The Watchmaker analogy is a recurring argument for a designer which by way of analogy asserts that complexity requires a designer.” (Time mark 0:16). So this argument falls along with the false contention of being self refuting. Skeptics routinely give these two objections to the Paley’s argument: Objection 1. Michael Behe’s “irreducible complexity” is also a teleological argument. It is modern firstly because it regards the world in mechanistic terms i.e. An Intelligent agent to conceive of, and execute the entirety of the plan.  These components can be identified in the first three iterations of the teleological argument above, and I submit they are also implicit in Paley’s argument which include “purposeful design” and “contrivances.”  Indeed any object that requires forethought and planning to be produced is by definition an object that can only be produced by Intelligent Design. “…It completely ignores evolution by natural selection”, For evolution to be even remotely feasible, it must explain 1. likening a human being to a watch, and secondly because it regards teleology as … Does the universe exhibit design, like a watch? What evidence do we have that God is complex?  How did he examine God? Does a design imply a designer? I’ll point them out as we come across them. This undoubtedly is one of the reasons that Paley’s name is most commonly linked with the design argument even though it was by no means original to him. William Paley’s Watch maker argument The above are not the words Paley use. Argument For God Through Design deny the status of such as a wonder, it would be a weak argument as even scientists today are left speechless about many natural events. The Problem of Evil The “watchmaker analogy” that outlines the argument with regard to timepiece dates back to Cicero. Why all the effort? it looks to the end purpose of things. Footnote 1 Darwin was influenced by Paley’s work, and some modern authors have cited it as an important example of pre-Darwinian “adaptationist” thinking (e.g., Dawkins 1986 ; Williams 1992 ; but see Gliboff 2000 ; McLaughlin 2008 ). Paley’s argument is inductive by revealing it actually to be a deductive argu-ment. It’s on all that has to happen to bring it about – the planning, purpose, the assembling of parts in a particular order to achieve a specific end.  All these speak to design and purpose, not merely to just complexity.

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