presidential transition process timeline
We segmented the timeline into specific workstreams—for the incoming administration, the outgoing administration and current federal agency staff. The various departments and agencies in the executive branch must be prepared for the significant policy and personnel changes that will occur with the election of a new president. The 20th Amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1933, moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the president and vice president from March 4 to January 20, thereby also shortening the transition period. Mike DeWine of Ohio and Asa Hutchinson of Arkansas both said that a proper transition needs to be in place for the president-elect. During this time, the transition team must handle the influx of campaign staff and additional personnel into daily operations and prepare to take over the functions of government. , The Pre-Election Presidential Transition Act of 2010 requires the General Services Administration (GSA) to provide potential presidential transition teams with office space, facilities, funding for transition staff, and access to government services. Cooperation between the Senate and the incoming president on this important process is a staple of recent transitions. In the Senate Obama's transition team, called the "Obama-Biden Transition Project", analysed prior transition efforts, the workings of federal government agencies, and what priority positions needed to be filled by the incoming administration first. It doesn’t place a timeline on when a sitting president’s administration must start helping a successor regime to take over. Transition teams need tools and techniques to manage a seamless presidential hand-off. Late Fall/Winter 2020 - Interviews of Candidates. Mid-November through December 14, 2020. This made it unclear who would take the office of president on inauguration day. Romney's transition team made extensive plans for the transfer of power, called the "Romney Readiness Project", which also included a legislative agenda for the first 200 days of a Romney administration.  They are also entitled to presidential transition services and facilities provided by the General Services Administration, including office space, equipment and the payment of certain related expenses. Eight years later, John F. Kennedy engaged in extensive transition planning on domestic and foreign policy issues, but did not meet with Eisenhower until January 6, 1961, two months after the election. 80th Anniversary – Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1933 Presidential Inauguration (Forward With Roosevelt). Mike Leavitt, others did to prepare for President Romney", "Salazar to lead Clinton's transition team", "Meet Washington's most powerful woman (temporarily)", "Trump could make a Biden transition messy: Here's how", A little-known Trump appointee is in charge of handing transition resources to Biden — and she isn't budging, "When New President Meets Old, It's Not Always Pretty", "Lessons Learned from the 1932–1933 Presidential Transition", "White House Vandalized In Transition, G.A.O. , The GSA administrator officially determines the "apparent winner" of a presidential election. Here's a timeline of the major events of the transition to the Biden administration that have happened as Trump continues to insist he won: Nov. 3 - Election Day  The Trump transition website was launched on November 9. Govs.  Nonetheless, by April 2012, the Bush administration had transferred electronic records for the presidential components within the Executive Office of the President to the National Archives and Records Administration. This can take place at any time of the candidate's choosing. In the United States, a presidential transition is the process during which the president-elect of the United States prepares to take over the administration of the federal government of the United States from the incumbent president.  At the start of his inaugural speech, Obama praised Bush "for his service to our nation, as well as the generosity and co-operation he has shown throughout this transition". After the election, Roosevelt refused Hoover's requests for a meeting to come up with a joint program to stop the crisis and calm investors, claiming it would limit his options, and as this "guaranteed that Roosevelt took the oath of office amid such an atmosphere of crisis that Hoover had become the most hated man in America". In 2008, the Obama presidential campaign began informally planning for a possible presidential transition several months before Election Day. It is the practice for Cabinet secretaries and high-level political appointees to tender their resignation with effect on the Inauguration Day (January 20) of a new president. Joe Biden won the presidential election on November 7, and yet, several weeks later, Donal d Trump continues to stonewall the transition process. We organized the work by month with specific recommendations and related tools and resources, so transition stakeholders can jumpstart their work.  The Clintons denied the accusations, but agreed to pay more than $85,000 for gifts given to the first family "to eliminate even the slightest question" of impropriety. The Presidential Transition Act of 1963 provides the current mechanisms to facilitate an orderly and peaceful transition of power. to prepare for a possible Presidential transition prior to each Presidential election in order to minimize potential disruptions in the transfer of executive power if a new President is elected. ) Biden had also been denied daily classified national security briefings. This webpage serves as the central hub for information related to the presidential search process. ... One of the most vital parts of this is putting together a presidential transition team to help ease the process, and this begins before the public has even chosen their future President. This timeline of the Trump Presidency will list significant events over his time in office, beginning with the transition period betweent … Buchanan held the opinion that states did not have the right to secede, but that it was also illegal for the federal government to go to war to stop them. > Presidential Transition. The Presidential Transition Act of 2019 requires the incumbent president to establish "transition councils" by June of an election year to facilitate a possible handover of power. Timeline: Presidential Transition to 2021. From Barb Howard, Chair of the Presidential Search Committee: The Presidential Search Committee recently met with Isaacson, Miller to review and discuss the candidate pool. Partnership for Public Services' Max Stier discussed the work of the group's Center for Presidential Transition and its role in the 2020 and previous presidential transitions. Though planning for transition by a non-incumbent candidate can start at any time before a presidential election and in the days following, the transition formally starts when the General Services Administration (GSA) declares an “apparent winner” of the election, thereby releasing the funds appropriated by Congress for the transition, and continues until inauguration day, when the president-elect takes the oath of office, at which point the powers, immunities, and responsibilities of the presidency are legally transferred to the new president. Every four years, the election process for President and Vice President follows a familiar timeline of events. The president also alleged widespread fraud, corruption and other misconduct. LEGAL AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND A. If it is not the incumbent president, the winner can access federal agencies and transition funds. Transition teams need tools and techniques to manage a seamless presidential hand-off. 100–398), the Presidential Transition Act of 2000 (Pub.L. , Transfer of presidential power after elections. Typically, the GSA chief might make the decision after reliable news organizations have declared the winner or following a concession by the loser. , On November 23, Murphy issued the letter of ascertainment naming Biden as the “apparent winner”, making funds available for him towards the transition, although Trump has still not conceded.   For example, spending on Mitt Romney's transition team in 2012 was going to be $8.9 million, all funds appropriated by the U.S. Finds", "Bush aide details alleged Clinton staff vandalism", "Gifts Were Not Meant for Clintons, Some Donors Say", "Tripp: I was told not to record White House gifts", "On White House Website, Change Is Already Evident", https://www.archives.gov/era/acera/presentations/bush-elec-records.ppt, "Highlights of Hillary Clinton's Concession Speech and President Obama's Remarks", "Former GSA Administrator Reflects on Ascertaining the Election in 2016", "Trump Appointee Stands Between Biden's Team and a Smooth Transition", "The Latest: FAA imposes restrictions over Trump Tower", "Trump receives first President's Daily Brief", "Pence to take over Trump's transition effort from Christie", Trump lawyers suffered multiple rebukes from judges over voter fraud claims, Trump claims millions of his votes were ‘deleted’ by election system, 'Most secure in history': Security agencies refute Trump's election fraud claims, "Biden Transition Team Calls on Federal Agency to Declare Winner", "Biden campaign pushes GSA chief to approve transition", "THE TRUMP APPOINTEE BLOCKING BIDEN'S TRANSITION IS REPORTEDLY TRYING TO LINE UP A NEW JOB FOR 2021", "In Unprecedented Move, Key Federal Agency Hesitates On Declaring Biden Winner", https://www.kgncnewsnow.com/mcconnell-no-states-have-yet-certified-presidential-election/, "World leaders congratulate Joe Biden on his victory", "Joe Biden wins White House race: How the world reacted", https://www.jpost.com/american-politics/biden-to-bring-in-national-security-experts-after-briefings-denied-649056, "State Department won't give Biden messages from foreign leaders: report", "No State Dept role in Biden congratulatory calls with foreign leaders", "What is the GSA, and what role does it play in the presidential transition?  The GSA Administrator, Emily Murphy, a Trump appointee, initially refused to issue the "ascertainment" letter declaring Biden the "apparent winner", on the basis that the election result was disputed. The Presidential Transition Act itself and Gary Nordlinger, a Political Scientist from George Washington University. The Transition Committee is in the process of preparing a presidential search timeline that maps the roles and responsibilities of all participating stakeholders in … The declaration would mark the official start of the transition; withholding it denied the Biden transition team full funds, secure office space, and access to agencies. They included graffiti in the men's bathroom at the White House, glue smeared on desk drawers, and missing doorknobs, medallions, and office signs. This summary report outlines the electoral college timeline for the 2020 presidential … 106–293 (text) (pdf)), the Pre-Election Presidential Transition Act of 2010 (Pub.L. Pick your workstream below and get started, or download the complete guide for an in-depth view of the entire presidential transition process. During the 1860–61 transition from James Buchanan to Abraham Lincoln (November 6, 1860 to March 4, 1861), seven states seceded in February. , The actual transition phase begins immediately following the presidential election (barring any electoral disputes) when a sitting president is not re-elected or is concluding a second term. Presidential transition of Joe Biden Motto Build Back Better Formation November 7, 2020 Purpose Presidential transition Headquarters 1401 Constitution Ave NW Washington, D.C., U.S. Co-Chairs Anita Dunn (since September 5, 2020) Ted Kaufman (since June 20, 2020) Michelle Lujan Grisham (since September 5, 2020) Cedric Richmond (since September 5, 2020) Jeffrey Zients (since September 5, … This timeline has been developed in conjunction with Isaacson, Miller.  In April 2012, before Mitt Romney became the Republican Party nominee, the Romney presidential campaign began planning for a potential transition. Not only were emails and photos removed from the environment at the 12:01pm threshold, data elements like phone numbers of individual offices and upcoming meetings for the senior staff were also removed. The Center conducted extensive interviews with former transition leaders, analyzed decades of academic research, collected hundreds of documents from prior transitions and assessed the effects of new legislation to create a comprehensive transition timeline, process map and guide. The deputy secretaries are also expected to tender their resignation, but are commonly requested to stay on in an acting capacity until the confirmation by the Senate of the new secretary. Early June 2020 - Search is launched nationwide. After the presidential election, the Governor of your State prepares seven Certificates of Ascertainment. , During the 2016 presidential election cycle, Donald Trump began assembling his transition team in May, after he became the presumptive Republican nominee. The American Civil War began on April 12, 1861, just a month after Lincoln took office. Presidential transitions have existed in one form or another since 1797, when George Washington handed over the presidency to John Adams. The Partnership’s comprehensive guide on the activities required during the transition. The Twentieth Amendment16 specifies January 20 as the date for The 2000-01 transition from Bill Clinton to George W. Bush was shortened by several weeks due to the Florida recount crisis that ended after the Supreme Court handed down its ruling in Bush v. Gore, which made Bush the president-elect.  Also on November 9, GSA Administrator Denise Turner Roth issued the "ascertainment letter” to officially designate Trump president-elect, and the transition team was provided office space and were also eligible for government funding for staff. ... 2 GOP governors push Trump to start transition process with Biden - Business Insider. The Presidential Transition . The Presidential Transition Act itself and Gary Nordlinger, a Political Scientist from George Washington University. 111–283 (text) (pdf)), the Presidential Transitions Improvements Act of 2015 (Pub.L.  The Clintons were also accused of keeping for themselves gifts meant for the White House. A second term transition represents a unique opportunity for an administration to engage in a thorough evaluation of its governance, and to establish plans for personnel changes as well as improved policymaking, program effectiveness and management practices. Also on November 9, Trump and Mike Pence were offered the full President's Daily Brief, with the first briefing taking place on November 15. In the case of the Obama-Trump transition, on the day after the election, November 9, 2016, outgoing president Barack Obama made a statement from the Rose Garden of the White House in which he announced that he had spoken the previous evening with (apparent election winner) Donald Trump and formally invited him to the White House for discussions to ensure "that there is a successful transition between our presidencies." But the history of tumultuous presidential transitions is even older than that. Suite 200 East In the 1876 election, there were disputes regarding 20 electoral votes in four states, along with multiple allegations of vote fraud.  Though the formal transition commences when it is clear that a non-incumbent candidate has won the election, counting of votes continues until all votes are counted, after which officials from each state certify the state’s final tally before the presidential electors are formally appointed and the Electoral College meets in mid-December to cast their votes for the president and vice president.  The relationship between Hoover and Roosevelt was one of the most strained between Presidents.  Press secretary Ari Fleischer followed up the GAO report with a White House-produced list of alleged vandalism including removal of the 'W' key from keyboards. Timeline and Duties of a President-Elect. THE PRESIDENTIAL TRANSITION ROADMAP THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE 2017 PRESIDENTIAL TRANSITION CHECKLIST The presidential transition process is a major undertaking. After the election, an outgoing president is commonly referred to as a lame duck president. This constitutional crisis was resolved only two days before the scheduled inauguration through the Compromise of 1877 under which federal troops were withdrawn from the South, and the Reconstruction Era was brought to an end. Lisa Rein, Jonathan O'Connell & Josh Dawsey, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Archives and Records Administration, First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, First inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower, MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES}, "Biden receives first classified intelligence briefing", "Congress Tells Obama to Start Planning His Departure", "Presidential Transitions: Issues Involving Outgoing and Incoming Administrations", https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/M-20-24.pdf, "Trump Administration Details Efforts to Support Peaceful Presidential Transition", "Campaigning Aside, Team Plans a Romney Presidency", "A little-known Trump appointee is in charge of handing transition resources to Biden — and she isn't budging", Biden camp calls for GSA to recognize election victory to begin transition, "GSA providing the incoming Biden administration with offices, resources", Trump transition presses GSA in email ownership dispute, "Ready to Govern: Improving the Presidential Transition", "Jarrett, Podesta, Rouse to lead Obama transition; Bill Daley co-chair", "Blueprint outlines work former Utah Gov.  Trump claimed that 2.7 million votes were “deleted” by the digital voting system used in some states, and said votes were switched from him to Joe Biden. Inauguration Report (Hoover Heads).  The White House website was redesigned and “cut over” at exactly 12:01pm, January 20, 2009. The Partnership for Public Service is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that strives for a more effective government for the American people. The campus will be notified if anything of significance develops or if the timeline is materially altered. A Quick Presidential Transition Timeline Heather Kerrigan October 27, 2016 According to a report by the Partnership for Public Service and Deloitte, there are some 4,000 political appointees who will be replaced in the months following the election of the next president through Inauguration Day on January 20, 2017. 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