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[78], After planting, sprouting requires a warm place (about 20 °C). The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. Hippeastrum bulbs can be induced to rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment (cool dry winters). The history is complex, so just below this stunning photo is a … [74] The leaves are also eaten by grasshoppers, and grasshoppers commonly plant egg pods in the ground near Hippeastrum bulbs, which erupt in the spring, covering the plant with nymphs. This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum. In 1938 Johannes Cornelius Theodorus Uphof (JCT Uphof) claimed, with some evidence,[40] that the plant was in fact the South American Hippeastrum equestre (Linn. [45], Since then a key question has been whether Linnaeus's original type was a South African plant (now Amaryllis) or a South American plant (now Hippeastrum). Herbarium Catalogue (2 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode ... Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The International Plant Names Index and … H.E. In order to preserve the widespread usage of both Hippeastrum and Leopoldia, Fabio Garbari and Werner Greuter proposed in 1970 that Herbert's Hippeastrum and Parlatore's Leopoldia should be conserved and Herbert's Leopoldia rejected. They generally have large fleshy bulbs and tall broad leaves, generally evergreen, and large red or purple flowers. Plants may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. William Herbert in Curtis's Botanical Magazine[44] which he expanded in 1821 in The Botanical Register, identifying 14 species of the new genus of Hippeastrum, and only leaving three species in Amaryllis. The most common commercial propagation method is referred to as 'twin scales'. Crossing these two species with the best of the Reginae strain produced a lineage of very large open flowered specimens, with up to 4-6 flowers on each scape. Binomial name; Hippeastrum reginae Herb. [90], Of the many hybrids, the best known are those producing flowers with red, pink, salmon, orange and white colors. Mga kasarigan. [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. Other species such as Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. is now a nomen conservandum (conserved name), i.e., the correct name regardless of the fact that it does not have priority over Leopoldia. Although this does not guarantee genetic diversity in natural populations, it is widely used by colonising species. They are funnelform (funnel shaped)[21] and declinate (curving downwards and then upwards at the tip)[22] in shape. Seeds do not breed true. These are light, and easily carried on the surface of water ensuring distribution of the species during the rainy season. The name Hippeastrum was first given to the genus by Herbert,[29] being derived from the Ancient Greek,[30] meaning a "knight's star" from ἱππεύς (hippeus, mounted knight) and ἄστρον (astron, star), to describe the first recognized species, Hippeastrum reginae. [30] The flower name has even been compared to the mediaeval weapon, the spoked mace or Morning Star which it superficially resembles. In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. × Hippeastrelia is the name given to this cross.[30][52][53][54]. Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. Amaryllis is the common name for these plants, however, it is also the genus for another type of bulb from the same family (Amaryllidaceae) native to South Africa. [63], Hippeastrum hybrids and cultivars are valued for their large ornamental flowers, particularly for indoor cultivation during the northern hemisphere winter. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [89] Fragrance is genetically related to flower colour (white, or pastel shades) and is a recessive characteristic, so that when fragrant and non fragrant varieties are crossed, not all progeny will be fragrant, whereas two fragrant progenitors will produce an all fragrant progeny. Overwatering will cause bulb and root rot. "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). In 1819 Herbert had proposed Leopoldia as a nomen provisorium (provisional name)[13] for the same taxon as he called Hippeastrum in 1821. Hippéastre de la Reine, Amaryllis de la Reine. 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? Leaves will usually wither during this period and a flower stem begin to emerge after eight to ten weeks. [23] The tepals are united at the base to form a short tube, usually with a rudimentary scaly paraperigonium[24] with fimbriae[25] or a callose ridge present at the throat. (St James's lily, Aztec lily, Jacobean lily), another member of the tribe Hippeastreae, originally called Amaryllis formosissima, which is apomictic. Ang Hippeastrum reginae sakop sa kahenera nga Hippeastrum sa kabanay nga Amaryllidaceae. [99], A stylized flower of a Hippeastrum cultivar (under its common name of amaryllis) is used internationally as a symbol for organizations associated with Huntington's disease, a genetic degenerative disease of the nervous system. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis, in his Species Plantarum along with eight other Amaryllis species. ex Aiton, accepted name H. puniceum)[46][47] a plant which Carl Linnaeus' son, Linnaeus the Younger (Linn. [70], Twin scales Although most cultivars of Hippeastrum come from the Dutch and South African sources, bulbs are now being developed in the United States, Japan, Israel, India, Brazil and Australia. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. [2], P.J. They require warmth, frequent watering, and should not be given a dormant period. Gaillardia spp. Bulbs are usually sold in fall for early winter bloom. The flowers are arranged in umbelliform inflorescences which are pauciflor or pluriflor (2-14 flowers), supported on an erect hollow scape (flower stem) which is 20–75 cm (12"–30") tall and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") in diameter with two free bracts forming a spathe which is bivalve with free leaflets at its base. The double flowers from Japan are particularly beautiful. Amaryllis fulgida Ker Gawl. The leaves are hysteranthous (develop after flowering), sessile (borne directly from the stem or peduncle), rarely persistent and subpetiolate.[19]. fil.) Common Names for Amaryllis. Gard. [30][70], Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from the following species:[71]. [84] The cuttings that are derived from these are grown in moist vermiculite in the dark till bulbils appear. Flowers are available in singles, doubles and miniatures. Accepted name Mexican lily Plantae ... Common Names. There are also epiphytic species such as Hippeastrum aulicum, Hippeastrum calyptratum, Hippeastrum papilio and Hippeastrum arboricola, which require air circulation around their roots,[35] which are in the subgenus Omphalissa. [85], In vitro (syn. Database with pictures, just click this link ! Bulbs from the South African growers usually put up a scape and leaves at the same time (synanthous). The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . The perianth has six brightly colored tepals (three outer sepals and three inner petals) that may be similar in appearance or very different. Hippeastrum is a genus in the family Amaryllidaceae (subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae, and subtribe Hippeastrineae). [64], Species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species, such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24. [80][70][81][82] Many new hybrid lines followed as new species were sent to Europe from South America, the most important of which were Reginae and Leopoldii. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. [52], The Reginae strain hybrids were produced by Jan de Graaff and his two sons in the Netherlands in the mid 19th century by crossing Hippeastrum vitatum and Hippeastrum striatum with Hippeastrum psittacinum and some of the better hybrids available in Europe at the time. [94], Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which include anti-parasitic (e.g. Bot. The fruit forms a trivalve capsule containing seeds which are dry, flattened, obliquely winged or irregularly discoid, hardly ever turgid, and globose (spherical) or subglobose, with a brown or black phytomelanous testa.[28]. Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. Description The amaryllis talked about on this page are actually hippeastrum bulbous plants. Reproduction is generally by allogamy (cross-pollination) and Hippeastrum may be propagated by seed or offset bulbils (bulblets), although commercial ventures use in vitro techniques, or splitting of the bulb into sections. Seeds are generally sown in early summer in seedbeds, and then transplanted to larger containers. Taxonomy. For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . Other flower colors include yellow and pale green with variations on these including multicoloring, with different colored mottling, stripes or edges on the petals. fil.) Striatfolium. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. fil.) had described c. 1781-3 (unpublished)[40] but soon after appearing in the Hortus Kewensis of 1789. Dutch bulbs usually produce flowers first, then, after they have finished blooming (hysteranthous), the plant will begin growing leaves. Many say this is the best hybrid on the market. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease. Seed multiplication may be used for the development of new cultivars or to increase the yield of native species. Following Filippo Parlatore in 1845, the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, allied to Muscari. Common Name: amaryllis . Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. 'Large Flowering', 'Dutch', 'Royal Dutch', there are five types that are commonly sold; 'Trumpets', as the name suggests, have flared, tube-shaped flowers. The commonest bulbs measure ​10 1⁄2 to ​12 1⁄2 inches (27 to 32 cm) with two scapes with four to six flowers each depending on the cultivar. Johnson shared his work with the Liverpool Botanic Garden which was fortunate, since his greenhouse was destroyed in a fire. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. By the early nineteenth century Amaryllis had become a polymorphic (diverse) genus with about 50 species from what we would consider a dozen genera today, and attempts were made to separate it into different genera. Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. Hippeastrum reginae [1] är en amaryllisväxtart som först beskrevs av Carl von Linné, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Herb.. Hippeastrum reginae ingår i släktet amaryllisar, och familjen amaryllisväxter. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. [b][41] Linnaeus had earlier worked on the Estate of George Clifford near Haarlem between 1735 and 1737 describing the plants growing there in his Hortus Cliffortianus in 1738. An Hippeastrum reginae in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Herb..An Hippeastrum reginae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Hippeastrum, ngan familia nga Amaryllidaceae. Wetland Status. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. Syst. In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). The leaves represent the protection, purpose, growth and development of the Huntington's community worldwide in its search for a cure and treatment. Seeds The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. Thus Amaryllis L. is the correct name for the South African genus, not the South American genus (Hippeastrum). [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). Amaryllis heringerii Ravenna Amaryllis reginae L. Amaryllis reginae var. 2) In 1779 Johann Müller only wrote that the common name for this plant was Belladonna, and that it was described in Species Plantarum. Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. Blooming takes place about two months after planting. Amaryllis equestris (Linn. For temperatures, the Strelitzia reginaelikes it warm in the 70 to 90-degree range. Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. [28][96] One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. Common Name: Botanical Latin Name: Family Name Amaryllis Hippeastrum (Amaryllidaceae) Apple; Flowering Apple, Crab Apple: Malus spp. Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. [30][37] "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. The cultivar 'Clown' (Double Galaxy Group)[93] (white with red stripes) has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Espesye sa tanom nga asparagos nga una nga gihulagway ni Carl von Linné, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni [[Herb ang Hippeastrum reginae. Hippeastrum (group) Back to Previous Page. Plants obtained from seeds take about six years to bloom. Herbert proposed to call the genus, which he distinguished from Linnaeus' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, or "knight's-star-lily". Hybrids include Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii'. This was accepted and Hippeastrum Herb. [52][63], Leopoldii hybrids arose from the work of the British explorer and botanist Richard Pearce, an employee of James Veitch & Sons, a plant nursery. Avoid direct sunlight to prevent scorching its leaves. The miniature evergreen Hippeastrum papilio or "butterfly amaryllis" whose petals resemble a butterfly (papilio) has a unique color and pattern with broad rose-burgundy center stripes and striations of pale green on the upper petals and narrow stripes on the bottom three. [70], Bulbils Reginae Reticulatum var. 'Dutch Amaryllis', 'South African Amarylllis'. No common name has yet been provided in this category. The two families of bulbs have many similarities, both in looks and in growing habits. They will need year-round light even inside. Herb. [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. Although the market is dominated by the Netherlands,[71] and South Africa,[52] other areas of production include Israel, Japan and the United States (Florida). Summering outdoors in four or five hours of direct sunlight, plus fertilizing lightly as the season progresses, will help develop buds for the next year. The genus has been intensely bred and cultivated since the early nineteenth century to produce large colourful showy flowers. 10 (1759) and Species Plantarum ed. Les liliacées. 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan Synonyms; Amaryllis reginae L. Aschamia reginae Salisb. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. The first issue is whether the name should more properly be Amaryllis L.. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. [42], At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in this same genus. Plenty of bright indirect light will keep the Strelitzia reginae happy with plenty of blooms. English. [70][71][72][73] A fungal disease attacking Hippeastrum is Stagonospora curtisii (red blotch, red leaf spot or red fire). This section is empty. [43] This was assumed to be the South African Cape Belladonna, although not precisely known. Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). [2]Bildgalleri Unplaced names include Hippeastrum ugentii,[62] considered in the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as probably a Crinum. fulgida (Ker Gawl.) [31] Which species this was is not known precisely. [58] For reference, these are:[35][59][60][61], As of November 2013[update], the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts 91 species:[1]. Hippeastrum reginae Name Synonyms Amaryllis albertii Lem. [97][98] Hippeastrum puniceum may also have therapeutic properties as it has been used in folk medicine to treat swellings and wounds. 1802-1815), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum_reginae&oldid=991189980, Articles with empty sections from April 2014, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:30. The largest bulbs measure 14 to 16 inches (36 to 41 cm) in circumference and will produce three or more scapes (flower stems) with four or more blooms each. ~San. French. Pearce brought back specimens of Hippeastrum leopoldii and Hippeastrum pardinum from the Andes. Bulbs can then be brought back into light, inspected for pests or rot, and repotted in fresh soil after cutting foliage to about 10 cm above the bulb. Even when plants are thriving outdoors in temperate climates, dormancy can be induced by withholding watering and fertilising in the northern hemisphere autumn, and bringing indoors to a cool environment prior to the first frost. ... My name is Sandra, I have a wonderful husband, Joe, 3 of the best children ever, 5 dogs and now I am collecting Hippeastrums! It has been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce hybrids with unusual striping.[90][91]. [40] This work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the English botanist, the Revd. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. The most conspicuous exception is the hybrid obtained through crossbreeding with the Mexican Sprekelia formosissima Herb. Herbert's fourteen species included this Hippeastrum equestre. Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils. Overview . Traub Amaryllis spectabilis G.Lodd. A bulb needs to produce large, healthy leaves in the summer growing season before it can send up a scape the following year. His 1878 classification included 47 species, reduced to 38 by 1888. [14][48] Although Leopoldia was subsequently validated (i.e., became the correct name), this was overlooked, and Hippeastrum rather than Leopoldia was used for the genus of New World amaryllids. H. vittatum x H. reginae (L.) Herb. Herb. [excluded] Show All Show Tabs. Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. The genus Hippeastrum has about 90 species and hundreds of cultivars. Some species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies. Although many names are used to describe hybrids and cultivars, e.g. Paris Chez l'auteur, an 13-(24), 1805-1816 (i.e. [86][87][88], Most modern cultivars lack any fragrance although 'Dancing Queen' represents an exception. More recently micropropagation in vitro has been used on a commercial scale. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name amaryllis is mainly used for cultivars of this genus, often sold as indoor flowering bulbs particularly at Christmas in the northern hemisphere. [78], Intense cultivation of a number of species, particularly from Brazil, Bolivia and Peru, has occurred because of the appearance and size of the flowers, resulting in many hybrids and cultivars. For instance the 'knight's star' has been compared to Linnaeus' decoration as a Knight of the Order of the Polar Star. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. (No wikidata item is associated with this category) Wikispecies has an entry on: Hippeastrum reginae. Some of the most successful hybrids were Graveana and Empress of India. Hippeastrum regium Herb. This name and attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, in his Hortus Kewensis. It was transferred to Hippeastrum by William Herbert. Common name Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. This debate involved botanists on both sides of the Atlantic and the final outcome was a decision by the 14th International Botanical Congress in 1987 that Amaryllis L. should be a nomen conservandum (conserved name, i.e., correct regardless of priority) and ultimately based on a specimen of the South African Amaryllis belladonna from the Clifford Herbarium. Three main methods are used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds, bulbils and 'twin scales'. ... Sites with Hippeastrum or Gardening Info. The perianth segments are subequal or unequal. He states; "I have named [them] Hippeastrum or Knights-star-lily, pursuing the idea which gave rise to the name Equestris" (p.12).[29]. [3], The second issue is whether the name should be Leopoldia. Common Name(s): hippeastrum [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [42] It is to this work that he refers in his Species Plantarum. More recently growing them in sunlight produce a better crop. [38] Separate common names are used to describe the genus Amaryllis, e.g., "Naked Lady". Overview. (Amaryllis belladonna)", "Getting your Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) to Bloom", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "On the culture of the Guernsey Lily, and other bulbs of the genera, "An enumeration and classification of the species of, "Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Plants Collected on the Mulford Biologial Exploration of the Amazon Valley, 1921–1922", "Influence of bulb packing systems on forcing of Dutch-grown Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) as flowering potted plants in North America", "Various Cutting Methods For the Propagation of, "Anxiolytic-, antidepressant- and anticonvulsant-like effects of the alkaloid montanine isolated from, "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Tilting at windmills: 20 years of Hippeastrum breeding", "A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948–2001", UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRONOMICE ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ, "Effects of light on the propagation and growth of bulbs of, "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "Critical review of Sealy's "Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, "Hippeastrum incantator in fiecare casa (Delightful Hippeastrum in every home)", "Amaryllis and Alstroemeria: Old Crops, New Potential", "Understanding and Producing Amaryllis (Hort. In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. You'll know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis. The plant's leaves should continue to grow after the flowers have faded. Description. For instance in the 1870s and 1880s John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum. [63] Hippeastrum is found in a wide range of habitats. In temperate climes these can be placed outside in the summer, and after a dormancy period, be induced to rebloom inside in the winter. (Rosaceae) Autumn Joy Sedum : ... Strelitzia reginae (Streliziaceae) Black-Eyed Susan: Rudbekia spp. ... Common names. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. [20] If the latter, the correct name for the genus Hippeastrum would then be Amaryllis and a new name would need to be found for the South African genus. It thrives best in partial shade to full sun. [30] This 'equine' connection refers to Carl Linnaeus the Younger who had named (in an unpublished manuscript) a West Indian species as Amaryllis equestris, because of its similarity to the African genus Amaryllis. Hortus Camdenensis | Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. L 63)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Hippeastrum", "Huntington's Disease Association Northern Ireland", International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum&oldid=991284911, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 07:29. [103], Genus of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, This article is about a genus of South American bulbs whose cultivars are commonly sold as, (Monogr. Ang mga gi basihan niini. Many bulbs referred to as amaryllis are actually in the Hippeastrum family. Each flower is 13–20 cm (5"–8") across, and the native species are usually purple or red. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) H. petiolatum is a sterile triploid that reproduces asexually, producing many bulbils around the mother bulb. (awtor)|Herb.]]. The androecium consists of six stamens with filiform (thread like) filaments, which are fasciculate (in close bundles) and declinate or ascendent. [52][63][83], The late 19th and early 20th century saw Amaryllis breeding develop in the United States, particularly in Texas, California, and Florida in conjunction with the USDA (1910–1939). Redouté. Variable spring or summer flowering bulbous perennial with strap-shaped leaves and up to 4 funnel-shaped, drooping, bright red flowers with a large green-white stain in the throat, the lobes to 13cm across, on a stem to 50cm long. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar Missouri Bot. This name is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.. This involves the division of the bulb into 12 sections and then separating each section into twin scales connected by the basal plate. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. As such they have a very important place in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants. Species: Hippeastrum striatum (Lam.) Traub & Moldenke Aschamia reginae (L.) Salisb. [52], In 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South Africa and began cultivation there. Linnaeus was aware in 1738 that several species were called Belladonna, but named this one Amaryllis reginae in the Systema Naturae ed. Common name: Hippeastrums, amaryllis, hippies Botanic name: Hippeastrum cultivars Description: Bold trumpet-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer on hollow stems 40cm to 50cm (18-22″) tall. Commercially, only cultivars that produce at least three bulbils on the mother bulb are used for this form of propagation. The anthers are dorsifixed or versatile. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up candimine)[95] and psychopharmacological activity due to their high alkaloid content. [67][68] Furthermore, the plant generally releases its pollen about two days before its stigma is receptive, making cross-pollination more likely.

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