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swamp rabbit vs cottontail

The swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail genus. [6] Swamp rabbits have several adaptations to avoid predators: cryptic coloration, "freezing", and rapid, irregular jumping patterns. The fur of their head and back is generally a mixture of rusty brown, dark brown, and black. The total length is 17.8 - 21.73 inches (452 - 552 mm). Although for most individuals, these rabbits are not from the cottontail genus. Most females will have two to three litters per year. Young leave the nest after about two weeks. [6], Like other lagomorphs, they have a double digestion. Among all the cottontail rabbits, the swamp rabbit is the largest one. Food passes through their gut twice, first producing soft, green feces (cecotropes) which still contain nutrients. [6], S. aquaticus are synchronous breeders. They make nests of grasses and twigs in a depression on the ground under a brush pile or log. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) is a small cottontail rabbit found in marshes and swamps of coastal regions of the Eastern and Southern United States. In a crock pot, you can't tell them apart. 17.8 inches (45 cm) to 21.7 in (55 cm), with an average length of about 19.7 in (50 cm). [8] The nests in which the young are born consist of a slight depression in the earth that is filled with grasses mixed with rabbit hair. The smallest mature swamp rabbit is about the size of the largest mature cottontail. Swamp rabbits are found in the Gulf Coast and south-central region of the United States. [6] Swamp rabbits spend much of their time in depressions which they dig in tall grass or leaves, providing cover while they wait until the nighttime to forage. The Swamp Rabbit is a large cottontail rabbit found in swamps and wetlands of the southern US. This website uses 'cookies' to give you the best, most relevant experience. The species has a strong preference for wet areas, and it will take to the water and swim. Young are born with well-developed fur but their eyes are closed and they are immobile. It is locally abundant in some regions, but in states such as Oklahoma and Missouri, its range is rapidly diminishing due to degradation and loss of wetland habitat. [6], Swamp rabbits mainly live close to lowland water, often in cypress swamps, marshland, floodplain, and river tributaries. All the members of a swamp rabbit population breed around the same time (which is called synchronous breeding). President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. An animal that eats mainly plants or parts of plants. Swamp rabbits are well named—they prefer to live in swampy lowlands, floodplains, cypress swamps, and along edges of rivers and creeks. This differs from the bluish gray tail of the marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris). The gestation period lasts 35 to 40 days. Their total length varies from 16 to 22 inches, with males generally growing slightl… 93, 2018, pp. Of the two, swamp rabbits are most similar to cottontails, but swamp rabbits are generally larger, with relatively shorter and rounder ears, somewhat coarser fur with a yellowish cast, particularly in the rump, and more black mottling; they have tawny rump fur, visible when fluffed; the tops of the hind feet are reddish brown; and the back of the neck is only slightly rust-colored. Swamp rabbits are a large variety of cottontail rabbit and they have specific habitat needs. 93–96., doi:10.1016/j.mambio.2018.09.001. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. [5], Breeding season varies widely across the range of S. aquaticus, usually occurring anywhere between February and August, but can occur year-round in Texas. The weight of a female Swamp rabbit is 57.94 - 93.91 oz (1646 - 1668 grams) and males weigh up to 65.64 - 90.08 oz (1861 - 2554 g). Although it is larger in overall size than other cottontails, it has smaller and rounder ears and coarser fur with a more yellow cast. [6] The head and back are typically dark or rusty brown or black, while the throat, ventral surface, and tail are white, and there is a cinnamon-colored ring around the eye. [6] Males are slightly larger than females. S. aquaticus ranges in length from approx. Its thick fur is dense enough to waterproof its skin, and is usually a mix of dark brown, rusty brown, and black. of hunting dogs, swamp rabbits elude pursuers by lying still in the water In fact, he does not seem to be … Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. Greenville Swamp Rabbits . When fighting, males will stand on their hind legs and use their teeth and claws to inflict wounds on their opponent. It is a dark brownish gray color peppered with black on the back and sides with a grayish-white belly. A swamp rabbit has a long black flat and naked tail and a cotton tail has a little round fluffy tail. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. Swamp rabbits are adept swimmers. surrounded by brush or plant debris with only their nose visible. Its thick fur is dense enough to waterproof its skin, and is usually a … Swamp rabbits weigh between three and six pounds. "Wildlife Species Profile Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus)",, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 14:54. Its thick fur is dense enough to waterproof its skin, and is usually a mix of dark brown, rusty brown, and black. They are weaned and leave the nest after about 15 days. [5] The species is hunted for fur, meat, and sport, and is the second-most commonly hunted rabbit in the United States. Newborns' eyes open after four to seven days. This is due mostly to the fact that snow cover constrains hiding ability and availability of food resources. Swamp rabbits weigh between three and six pounds. [5] A study has found that the preferred foods of S. aquaticus are savannah panicgrass (Phanopyrum gymnocarpon), false nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica), dewberry (Rubus trivialis) and greenbrier (Smilax bona-nox). [6] Even though their swimming abilities lack the speed to escape a pack In a Mississippi study, groups of males harvested in December and February had higher percentages of individuals with descended testes than those harvested in any other months (Class 2006). Swamp rabbits were found in 25 swampy forested tracts in the “Winter Snow Cover Increases Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus Aquaticus) Mortality at the Northern Extent of Their Range.” Mammalian Biology, vol. It is the largest cottontail in the southeast and it is also known as a "cane-cutter." If you've ever ran deer with dogs running a swamp rabbit is a lot like running a doe deer, they will take your dogs in big circles often times out of or close to out of hearing before circling back. Their total length varies from 16 to 22 inches, with males generally growing slightly larger than females. [6] Their sides, rump, tail and feet are much more brownish, along with a pinkish-cinnamon eye-ring, as opposed to the whitish eye-ring in eastern cottontails. The Swamp rabbit is the largest member of the cottontail rabbit species. [8], Swamp rabbits are herbivorous; they eat a variety of foraged plants, including grasses, sedges, shrubs, tree bark seedlings, and twigs. Description : The swamp rabbit is similar to the eastern cottontail but has a generally larger size, proportionately shorter and rounder ears, coarser body fur with a yellowish cast (particularly to the rump), and more black mottling. The swamp rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus) is the largest of the rabbits that occur in the southeastern United States. 3.6 lb (1.6 kg) to 5.9 lb (2.7 kg), averaging about 4.8 lb (2.2 kg). He prefers living where he can keep his feet wet. An adult swamp rabbit is 18 to 22 inches in length. It is a strong swimmer and found only near regions of water. Swamp rabbit home range estimates vary in size, with estimates ranging from <1 ha to 20.2 ha, depending on the location and method used to estimate the home range. The ranges of these animals were originally disjunct, but O. cuniculus is now feral in the range of L. americanus.High rates of fertilization occur in rabbits inseminated with hare semen, but less than 10% of hare oocytes are fertilized with rabbit semen. It is two times the size of the cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) and darker in color with a cinnamon colored ring around the eye. The swamp rabbit is considered secure overall. Weight: 1.6 - 2.7kg. Although it is larger in overall size than other cottontails, it has smaller and rounder ears and coarser fur with a more yellow cast. S. aquaticus exhibit induced ovulation and have an hour-long estrus. National Science Foundation The closely related species Sylvilagus floridanus and Sylvilagus aquaticus have been studied more intensely. One of the other factors to which cottontail hunters must get accustomed to when hunting swamp rabbits is the terrain. [6], Known predators of Sylvilagus aquaticus are domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis), and humans (Homo sapiens). Spermatogenesis has been noted to occur in S. aquaticus in Missouri in October and November. DISTRIBUTION: In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. Alike yet different, is a good way to describe the eastern cottontail, the swamp rabbit, and the California jackrabbit. [7], S. aquaticus is the largest of the cottontail species, although its ears are smaller than of other cottontails. Hillard, Elizabeth M., et al. Predators of swamp rabbits include the American alligator, raptors, bobcats, gray foxes, coyotes, snakes, dogs, and humans. Description. Although it is larger in overall size than other cottontails, it has smaller and rounder ears and coarser fur with a more yellow cast. Young are sexually mature at 7 months and reach adult weight at 10 months. More than one-third of U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the coming decades. Swamp rabbits reach sexual maturity after 23 weeks. [6] They feed mainly at night but rain showers will often cause them to feed during daytime as well. Their eyes have opened by day 3 and the young have begun walking.

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