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Cinema

theme of transformation in ovid's metamorphoses

It does not include the changes which occur when gods disguise themselves as human individuals or as animals or temporarily alter their shape. • Connect to biological science by exploring examples of transformation that occur in nature (e.g., butterflies). • Reproduction of Apollo and Daphne by Jan Boeckhorst • interpret and compare literary and visual works of art. Then ask for volunteers to read their completed poems aloud to the class. • How does Apollo try to convince Daphne of his love? It is usually the cause of whatever transformation the stories are explaining. Students will be assessed on their ability to: • What does the sculptor convey about Apollo through his expression? The huge breadth of the stories Ovid tells ensured the popularity of the work even when Christian authorities frowned on the pagan content. (Point out that the speaker uses simile ["eyes like ripening fruit; "torso...like a lamp"] and hyperbole ["suffused with brilliance from inside"].) Grades 9–10 Daphne, already known for her chastity, becomes all the more revolted by the lust directed at her.) It is usually the cause of whatever transformation the stories are explaining. Part One: Apollo and Daphne • Reproduction of Apollo Crowning Himself by Antonio Canova Throughout the story, he takes beliefs that were significant at the time, and mocks them through the theme of transformation. (The arrow transformed the usually sober character of Apollo into a lustful pursuant of the chaste nymph. themes, motifs symbols themes the pervasiveness of metamorphoses as its title suggests, metamorphoses is an exploration of transformations of all kinds, from Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. 1. • Diagonal lines suggest movement and drama. Some of the metamorphoses are straightforwardly literal: Diana turns Actaeon into a deer, for example, or Juno changes Callisto into a bear. Some years after Virgil, surfaced Ovid with his classic Metamorphoses which links a stunning array of mythological tales through the common theme of change or transformation. The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. 4. 1. Give students time to read the poem once quietly. • Use simile and hyperbole to describe the experience. • Paper The nudity brings the deity into the realm of human emotion, experience, and expression, since the body is recognizable to the viewer. It is extremely rare to have a full history of any work of art, particularly fragments.) The nudity brings the deity into the realm of human emotion, experience, and expression, since the body is recognizable to the viewer. • Consider the sculpture you saw before (Antonio Canova's Apollo Crowning Himself). What questions might a scholar want to ask if he or she discovered a fragment? 5. The idea of transformation has long been a well-used theme in Western literature. Open a discussion with students about the drawing, using the following questions: So many different changes occur that people have long tried to find patterns in them and reasons that might explain why Ovid wrote his most famous poem. That includes personal love or as the personified deity, Amor/Cupid. Ask students if they can think of a film that is inspired by Greek or Roman mythology. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Metamorphoses and what it means. What was its function? Display an image of Antonio Canova's Apollo Crowning Himself. • Which line or description do you think is most effective? RL.9-10.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. The tile of Ovid’s poem Metamorphoses literally translates to mean “transformation.” The compendium is actually itself a transformational work, merging a multitude of Greek and Roman historical traditions into one massive epic poem. Inform your students that the poem was translated from German. 4. Read the original German text in the article "And Yet Another Archaic Torso—Why?" Metamorphoses was the most influential of Ovid’s works for Shakespeare and his contemporaries. Transformations from one shape or form into another are the central theme in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. Theme of Revenge in Metamorphoses Revenge is a recurring theme in the book Metamorphoses. Lesson Overview. Open a discussion with your students by suggesting that sculptural art often presents characters isolated from the narrative context or setting. The Metamorphoses (Latin: Metamorphōseōn librī: "Books of Transformations") is an 8 AD Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus.Comprising 11,995 lines, 15 books and over 250 myths, the poem chronicles the history of the world from its creation to the deification of Julius Caesar within a loose mythico-historical framework. • compose poems using metaphor. http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5791.) (The arrow transformed the usually sober character of Apollo into a lustful pursuant of the chaste nymph. Part One: Apollo and Daphne Stories from ancient Greece and Rome have been interpreted and reinterpreted for centuries. Clothing is one sign of culture, thus, nudity suggests the natural world rather than that of culture. Display an image of Young Man and distribute copies of a translation of the ekphrastic poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo" by Rainer Maria Rilke. Give students time to address their peers' feedback. http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5791.) • How did Daphne escape his pursuit? Subjects: Visual Arts, English–Language Arts • Which parts of the poem would benefit from further explanation or detail? • Have you ever been struck by something that you considered great but didn't have the words to describe? This line establishes one of the main themes of the poem, transformation, and links it to the gods. Metamorphoses is a series of myths in which gods and mortals transform, or change their bodies to become something else. For more information on sonnets, visit In the Metamorphoses, Ovid discusses tales of transformations and reveals a system of justice within them. • read and analyze ancient and modern texts. (He fashions some leaves from the tree in the form of a crown to wear upon his head to remember his love for Daphne.) Display an image of Young Man and distribute copies of a translation of the ekphrastic poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo" by Rainer Maria Rilke. The Transformation of Ovid’s Metamorphoses August 10, 2013– February 9, 2014 National Gallery of Art. Where can you see this effect? Use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast it with the fragment of Young Man. Inform students that the god Apollo was called by different names, depending on which role or duty he was fulfilling in a story. Then ask for volunteers to take turns reading each stanza aloud. Where can you find examples of figurative language in the poem? The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. Learn how the author incorporated them and why. 4.0 Aesthetic Valuing Consider sharing a copy of the original to bring to light the pattern of rhyming words at the end of the lines in German (abba, cddc, eef, gfg). Common Core College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9—12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. It is extremely rare to have a full history of any work of art, particularly fragments.) At the same time, however, a lead arrow struck the nymph, turning her feelings to those of revulsion.) • Artists can use strong light and shadow side by side to draw attention to important details in a scene. Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently. • What does the sculptor convey about Apollo through his expression? Can you locate diagonal lines throughout the composition? What questions might a scholar want to ask if he or she discovered a fragment? • How will you end your poem? The main theme in this epic is the theme of change and transformation, which is the center of most of the myths that are told in the epic. • Diagonal lines suggest movement and drama. The Metamorphoses is a collection of tales rather than one complex story or set of adventures. It was Ovid’s vast retelling of the great myths of Greek and Roman civilisation that became the definitive classical text on the subject of transformation. The Metamorphoses (Latin: Metamorphōseōn librī: "Books of Transformations") is an 8 AD Latin narrative poem by the Roman poet Ovid, considered his magnum opus.Comprising 11,995 lines, 15 books and over 250 myths, the poem chronicles the history of the world from its creation to the deification of Julius Caesar within a loose mythico-historical framework. Metamorphoses Book 3: Pentheus and Bacchus. Ovid's Metamorphoses is a poem about change on every level imaginable. Anderson, Ovid’s Metamorphoses, 493, 501, 517, shows that it is possible to fit the stories to the declared theme, but only through careful interpretation. Will you include a message or call to action like in Rilke's poem? Ultimately, she is transformed into a laurel tree.) (What is its original context? Students will be able to: http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15814) Give students time to address their peers' feedback. Ovid called it “Metamorphoses” as he selected myths that dealt with the transformation of people, gods, and heroes into forces or features of nature. • Reproduction of Young Man by an unknown artist Have partners discuss the poems by responding to the following questions: Extension • Which parts of the poem would benefit from further explanation or detail? Permissions: The lesson plan and downloadable materials on this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Have you ever experienced a deep and powerful reaction to something that happened all of a sudden? (Note: The poem is in the form of a sonnet. • Which line or description do you think is most effective? (The expression is blank, which is quite common in the stoic demeanor of ancient statuary. Challenge them to take the reader through the experience from a description to an emotional, reflective, or philosophical impact. Consider sharing a copy of the original to bring to light the pattern of rhyming words at the end of the lines in German (abba, cddc, eef, gfg). Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Throughout the story, he takes beliefs that were significant at the time, and mocks them through the theme of transformation. • Have you ever been struck by something that you considered great but didn't have the words to describe? The gods often make themselves look like humans so they can visit Earth and interact incognito with people. Inform students that they will discuss other works of literary and visual art that explore the theme of transformation. Display an image of Red-Figure Loutrophoros by an unknown artist and discuss which parts of the story are depicted on the vessel. • Consider the sculpture you saw before (Antonio Canova's Apollo Crowning Himself). It is usually the cause of whatever transformation the stories are explaining. ... Landscape in Ovid's Metamorphoses. • Copies of the poem "Archaic Torso of Apollo," by Rainer Maria Rilke, translated by Stephen Mitchell (available on the Academy of American Poets Web site at Inform students that marble itself was a noble material that connected the work of art to the ancient world; its pristine white surface seems to suggest divine qualities of light. Pentheus was a skeptical man who doubted Tiresias' prophecies, so when the blind man foretold that Pentheus would disrespect the power of Bacchus as a god and be ripped apart by the hands of his own mother and sisters for his faithlessness, Pentheus didn't believe him.. In part one, students explore the theme of transformation in text and art by reading the story of Apollo and Daphne from Ovid's Metamorphoses and studying works of art related to the poem. (Apollo, known for his usual restraint, boasts of his superiority to Cupid. Permissions: The lesson plan and downloadable materials on this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. In-depth explanations of The Metamorphoses's themes. Then ask for volunteers to read their completed poems aloud to the class. Comparison of Ovid's and Kafka's Metamorphosis The Metamorphoses “Books of transformations” of the Roman poet Ovid, probably written from year 1 or 3 AD to around 8 AD, are in hexameters, known to be authored as mythological works on Metamorphoses (" transformations "). ‘I intend to speak of forms changed into new entities.’ Why? R.CCR.7 Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words. The Metamorphoses continues to be retold through several media – in film, drama, opera, art, sculpture and so on. (At times the names Helios and Sol were also used to refer to his stewardship of the sun.) Grades 9–12 (Proficient) Read the original German text in the article "And Yet Another Archaic Torso—Why?" These themes, and others, Ovid explores throughout the Metamorphoses, doing his best to uncover every possible scenario for each trope. Ovid was well known for his ability to tell phenomenal stories and this one was probably one of the greatest. 4. RL.9-10.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone). 6. • What is happening in the poem? (Wanting to teach the pompous god a lesson, the mischievous Cupid shot two arrows at the unsuspecting Apollo and the mortal Daphne. Distribute copies of "Daphne and Phoebus" to your students. Time Required: 3–5–Part Lesson Popular examples include Ovid’s Metamorphoses and Virginia Woolf’s Orlando: A Biography. 4. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Metamorphoses and what it means. Time Required: 3–5–Part Lesson The varied facets of this interassociation have now been illuminated by many critics. The gods are always avenging themselves and changing mortals into animals or plants so that they can prove their own superiority. (Use this question as an open summation for the experience of the work of art.) Transformations in the Metamorphoses flow from the pursuit of or effects rendered by love. There are calls for Ovid's Metamorphoses to be taught with a trigger warning. R.CCR.10. A study in the transformations of a literary symbol by Segal, Charles, 1936-Publication date 1969 Many gods and goddesses emerge as individual, complex characters that are multifaceted and multidimensional entities, whether in singular works or across generations of poets' writings. The popularity and timelessness of this work stems from the manner of story telling. Stories from ancient Greece and Rome have been interpreted and reinterpreted for centuries. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. The Homeric Iliad (c. 850 BC) soars to the literary heights of the sublime, and shows us how to live and die, to meditate on mortality, to embrace sorrow, to grip and then release hate, to truly love. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. SL.CCR.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. An important text that involved many myths is Metamorphoses, written by Ovid. What is missing? Cupid is mischievous, and proves tricky in his ability to transform the god into a love-crazed fool. Before him, there was Nicander’s Heteroeumena, whose title is usually translated as ‘metamorphoses’, but Nicander’s poem has been lost. 6. As its title suggests, Metamorphoses is an exploration of transformations of all kinds, from the pedestrian and obvious to the literary and oblique. Like a troublesome younger brother, an embarrassment to the family, Ovid’s epic “kicks against the pricks,” to paraphrase the paraphrase of Nick Cave. ‘I intend to speak of forms changed into new entities.’ (Point out that the speaker uses simile ["eyes like ripening fruit; "torso...like a lamp"] and hyperbole ["suffused with brilliance from inside"].)

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