1 samuel 20 commentary
1 Samuel 20. ii. 1 Samuel 20:24-25 On the new moon's day Saul sat at table, and as always, at his seat by the wall, i.e., at the top, just as, in eastern lands at the present day, the place of honour is the seat in the corner (see Harmar Beobachtungen ii. What is my sin? David's word here meant that if Jonathan knew of any sin, guilt, or fault whatever on David's part that could possibly justify his execution, then David requests that Jonathan himself slay David rather than turning him over to the king. "And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … 1 Samuel 20:1-42 shows us Jonathan warning David about Saul's determination to kill David. : The Spirit of God protected David in Naioth in a powerful way. i. Meyer on the son of Jesse: “Speaking of him derisively as ‘the son of Jesse,’ thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.”. You shall not die! : Jonathan covered for David, trying to give Saul a plausible (and truthful) explanation for David’s absence. And when the lad came to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the lad and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you"? 1 Samuel 1:1 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. This addition is a further suggestion that Samuel is dedicated to God under a nazirite vow (Nm 6:4–5); see note on v. 22 . So when it happened the next day… that David’s place was empty, Saul demanded an explanation. One night of carelessness may change a girl’s life forever. But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they, : If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had. i. And I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I shot at a mark. In fact, David and Jonathan will only meet once more, shortly before Jonathan’s death. Either Saul’s heart has changed towards David and, , or Saul was still determined to kill David and. You shall not die. A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. “Behind you is the sunny morning, before you a lowering sky; behind you the blessed enjoyment of friendship, wife, home, royal favor, and popular adulation, before you an outcast’s life.” (Meyer). What, my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?” So Jonathan said to him, “By no means! The pain of being apart was bad enough, but it was worse for David because he was cut off from everything and destined to live the life of a fugitive for many years. : David and Jonathan loved each other and had a strong bond of friendship. You shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever: Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 20:11-23 Jonathan faithfully promises that he would let David know how he found his father affected towards him. Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul’s threat and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. c. Far be it from you: With this encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer doubt his loyalty. "For you brought your servant into a sacred covenant with you" (1 Samuel 20:8). Besides all this, a visitation from God himself had frustrated Saul's expedition to Nairoth. ", "Come let us go out into the field. And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad, with him. . "David rose from ... the stone heap and fell on his face to the ground" (1 Samuel 20:41). From this it is clear that Saul did not believe the word of the prophet Samuel who had told him long previously that his kingdom would not continue. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: Jonathan and David agreed to care for one another. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had treated him shamefully. pp. He could have simply stayed there for however long it took Saul to give up or die. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. So when, it happened the next day… that David’s place was empty, : “Speaking of him derisively as ‘the son of Jesse,’ thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.”, Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem”. : Jonathan will find out his father’s heart and will. Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem; he said, `Let me go; for our family holds a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? No los pone de inmediato en posesión del reino; los guía a través de mucha tribulación, la cual convierte en el medio para equiparlos para el reino. How will Jonathan get the message to David?
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