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1 samuel 22:2 commentary

The chronicles of the Middle Ages in all countries teem with similar stories about the chosen people. And every one that was discontented.] (See such passages as Exodus 22:25; Leviticus 25:36; Deuteronomy 23:19.) "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". All rights reserved. New York. 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive (1 Corinthians 15:22, emphasis mine). The last thing we note about the miserable men who came for refuge to David is that they were taught by him to live good lives. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-samuel-22.html. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. Proud member https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-samuel-22.html. 1832. Thus all David's people were men of bitter spirit, extremely distressed and grieved for the loss of their wives and children, chap. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". thou dearest Lord! 2 Samuel 22 is one of the final chapters of the Books of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible (or the 22nd chapter of the "Second Book of Samuel" in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible). Being expelled from Israel and Philistia, nothing remained for him to do but to gather around him a band of equally unfortunate men and defend himself with his sword. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. 1909-1922. The judgment that Grotius passes upon David, when the company gathered to him at Adullam, deserves to be regarded. And every one that was in distress.] The Biblical Illustrator. And though their persons were with David, yet their lands and goods were liable to their creditors. The last words of David - i. e., his last Psalm, his last "words of song" 2 Samuel 22:1. Here surely, if any where, we may see the Lord Jesus strongly typified. How could David receive and countenance such persons to the wrong of their creditors? Discontented - See the margin. It contains a Song of Thanksgiving attributed to King David which corresponds to Psalm 18. ; distressed and uneasy in their minds, being pinched with want, or pressed with sore afflictions, which made them very disconsolate: these. 2 The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba. 1 Samuel 8:1–22 Israel Demands a King 8 When Samuel became old, r he made his sons judges over Israel. App-14. 1 Samuel 22:2. And yet, it was during this period that some of his Mighty Men adhered to his cause. The several statements of the refugees who took shelter in David’s armed camp, of course go over a considerable time. App-13. Arnold’s commentary on the books of Samuel in the NIVAC series is one of the better contributions. And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. Discontented — Dissatisfied with the government of Saul. Probably poor debtors, whom their creditors were obliged to spare, Exodus 22:25. embittered. in an afflicted and calamitous condition. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. The poor, improvident, or perhaps unfortunate, debtor was protected by wise laws against the greedy avaricious spirit of his merciless creditor. Used by Permission. About four hundred men were with him. return to 'Jump List' Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible 1 Samuel 22:2. 1 Samuel chapter 22 summary starts out with David leaving the presence of the king of Gath and dwells in a cave, from whence he sent word to his family where he was and they came to … Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. While lurking in the caverns of those rocky fastnesses, they were on the confines of extensive pasture lands, over which were spread the vast flocks of the neighbouring proprietors. About four hundred men — A band of outlaws, who, however, under David’s wise management, became a band of mighty heroes. It must be observed that the Jews frequently used their debtors with great severity, (see Nehemiah 5:5,) taking forcible possession of their lands and vineyards, and bringing their children into bondage. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-samuel-22.html. In this he was a type of Christ, who receives sinners distressed with a sense of sin, discontented in their present state, and in debt, and, unable to pay their debts; see ( Matthew 11:28 ) ( Luke 7:41 Luke 7:42 ) ( Luke 15:2 ) ; and there were with him about four hundred men; among whom some think were the three mighty men spoken of in ( 2 Samuel 23:13 2 Samuel 23:14 ) ( 1 Chronicles 11:15 1 Chronicles 11:16 ) . (2) Every one that was in distress.—Ewald writes on this statement:—“The situation of the country, which was becoming more and more melancholy under Saul, . a 2 He was joined by all those in difficulties or in debt, or embittered, * and became their leader. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or … In 1 Samuel 15:22 Samuel said that it is better to obey God than to *sacrifice to him. Indeed, had this been the case, David would not have been able to have kept them under that strict order and discipline under which we find he did keep them, but we should have read of their plundering, and murdering, and committing other outrages. drove men to seek a leader from whom they might hope for better things for the future . He became a captain over them; he did not justify nor maintain any injustice or wickedness, which some of them possibly might be guilty of; but, on the contrary, he instructed and obliged them to the practice of all justice and honesty; as appears from 1 Samuel 25:15; and he only used them for his just defence. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". They make a compromise thinking … BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. 1870. 22 And David spoke z to the L ord the words of this song on the day when the L ord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. Soon after, these numbers were swelled to 600, and these probably only were the chosen men-at-arms of the little force, which, no doubt, was numerically far greater. (E. J. Hardy, M. Similar associations exist in the same localities at the present day-a motley crew of desperate men from all parts of the country: some wild and marauding outlaws, others tolerated by the governments, and empowered to keep the desert tribes in check (see Robinson's 'Biblical Researches,' 2:, p. 200; Drew's 'Scripture Lands,' p. 121; Rogers' 'Domestic Life,' p., 179; Wolff, 'Missionary Labours and Researches,' p. 507). Let Eli's example excite "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". Captain over them — He did not maintain any injustice or wickedness, which some of them possibly might be guilty of; but on the contrary, he instructed and obliged them to the practice of all justice and honesty. nephesh. Heb., Bitter of soul. 4 sect. "ish. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:2". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/1-samuel-22.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-22.html. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. This has been represented as a gang of ruffians, a parcel of banditti, who united themselves to David with the worst designs. It is not necessary to strain the words of the original in order to prove that these were oppressed people, and not exceptionable characters, as some have done. Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:20-23 (Read 1 Samuel 22:20-23) David greatly lamented the calamity. 2 Samuel 22: 1 – 51 Save the humble – oppose the proud 22 Then David spoke to the LORD the words of this song, on the day when the LORD had delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-samuel-22.html. 1905-1909. gathered themselves unto him; to help him, or rather to be helped by him; hoping in time things would take a favourable turn with him, and he should be advanced to the throne, and so their circumstances would be mended thereby: and he became a captain over them; they enlisted themselves in his service, and he took the command of them; he might not know the circumstances of those in debt, nor of any of them thoroughly, nor their views in joining him; however he meant not to shelter them from paying their just debts if able, nor to encourage them in disloyalty to their king, only to make use of them for his own preservation for the present. (Compare 1 Samuel 30:6; 2 Samuel 17:8.) It is great trouble to a good man to find himself any way the cause of … So, too, there is a “Divine discontent” which brings people to Christ. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. 22. thou chiefest among ten thousand; now art thou to me the altogether lovely, and the Captain of my salvation. They were a rough, lawless set of men, yet they could be kept in check by the influence of their beloved captain, David. David did not send away these refugees, many of them distinguished and prominent Israelites, but organised them into a military force. 1871-8. Yes! BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available

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