importance of strategic planning in schools
The plan serves as a guide for all members of the community aimed at providing a coherent, comprehensive, and logical progression of curriculum and instruction and assessment. Effective strategic planning is the lynchpin for successful management of educational institutions in our rapidlychanging world. The level of competence of the Board and senior management in the area of strategic planning. Description of instructional supports and measurable goals to improve student achievement, especially for those students not performing at proficient levels [4.13(c) (6), (11)]. All stakeholders, then, can determine how their work fits into the plan and how they can support schools and students in their efforts to achieve their goals. This does not mean that you can develop your strategic plan and then forget it. Failure in strategic planning can be disastrous. This case study of a secondary college principal, aimed to discover if the reflective practitioner exists by extending non‐participant observation to include the content and timing of a principal's thinking periods. A strategic plan formalizes the school district’s mission, vision, values, goals and objectives. ), including public review and comment prior to school board action (4.13(d), (e)]. All schools should have a strategic plan. For instance, Bell (2002) focusing on English schools in the UK examined whether strategic planning and school management was just full of sound and fury signifying nothing. Although the State Board of Education has not officially published the proposed changes to regulations, it is still appropriate to contact members of the Board encouraging them to reconsider the elimination of strategic plans. Importance of Strategic Planning: The Importance of Strategic Management in Education Through the education system, strategic planning provides potential and opportunity for planners to act proactively to the future, technology, and the environment as a whole. With a strategic plan, everyone is working towards the same vision, trying to reach the same goals, and building commitment to the organisation. That is why we recommend undertaking formal strategic planning no later than the second year of a school’s operation, assuming, of course, the basic planning has been done in the establishment phase of the school; and then repeating the process every three to five years. A strategic plan is worthless if it is so prescriptive and rigid it cannot change to meet changing circumstances. Additional backgroundKey components of Strategic Planning Process (as required by state law and state regulations): Copyright © 2020 PSEA. By concentrating energy and resources on the worthy goals that matter most right now, we can make the most difference to the lives of the students in our care. When parents and students have a voice in the determination of goals and programs, they are more likely to take ownership for the plan and participate in the future to support that plan. US school districts began adopting it in the mid-80’s, and by 1987 ab… Strategic planning is important to an organization because it provides a sense of direction and outlines measurable goals. The process ensures school districts work to develop a curriculum, instruction, and assessment consistently focused on state standards and student achievement goals. Heres what we know about strategic planning in education including a brief history, what works now and where its heading in the future. All rights reserved. Too frequent formal processes can result in strategic planning fatigue. Develop a local model for the strategic planning process that will allow learning (and aspirations for the future of learners) to be the most important factor(s) in the process . It reduces the number of decisions senior management has to make since most decisions are made on the basis of whether or not they fit the school’s vision and goals; It ensures the school staff focus on the essentials as determined by key stakeholders; It provides direction so all stakeholders have a clear vision of what the school is trying to achieve and some understanding of the strategies agreed upon. • * School Improvement Planning Chart (template for figure 5, page 39) • Sample School Improvement Plan (appendix B, pages 61 to 73) • Understanding the Expectations and Achievement Levels in the Ministry of Education’s Curriculum Documents (appendix D, pages 79 to 83) • * Sample Parent Survey (appendix E, pages 85 to 90) State Board of Education members of the Chapter 4 committee: Connie Davis, Co-Chair ; A. Lee Williams, Co-Chair ; Sandra Dungee Glenn; Colleen Sheehan; Karen Farmer White. J. M. Bryson defines strategic planning as: This does not necessarily rule out a formal strategic planning process, but it assumes that any formal plan is open to change and refinement so the school leader is always open to responding to rapid change. Strategic planning is a process in which a school or an organization gathers to discuss the school’s current situation, its problems, and downfalls and after discussing these things, would plan out a strategy on how to improve not only in the quality of education but also its facilities. The importance of a strategic plan document cannot be over-emphasized as … Visualize a famous bridge, such as the Golden Gate Bridge, Brooklyn Bridge, or Tower Bridge. 1 This Unit is a slightly shortened and adapted version of two documents: IIEP. Below is a tangible example of how strategic planning is facilitated for the purposes of creating, renovating, or re-imagining education facilities. The planning process allows all stakeholders including Partners like you – teachers, administrators, students, … Strategic planning is also a cyclical process that, through consistent monitoring and realignment with strategically agreed-upon values and goals, is continually implemented, evaluated, and revised in order to improve student achievement and district performance. In some countries and states, for example, a criterion for school accreditation is provision of a written strategic plan for school improvement; while many state governments require government schools to have three or five year strategic plan/review cycles. A strategic plan defines … Active participation by representatives of all stakeholders (students, parents, teachers, community leaders, etc. That is, there must be a shared understanding about the key areas strategic thinking is going to concentrate on and both staff and the board must have full confidence and trust in the principal to report accurately about the school, its programs and trends in education. We then compared the plan ratings to student achievement at the baseline year and to gains the followi… In recent years, strategic planning theory in schools has moved away from the traditional business model towards a ‘strategic thinking’ approach. When developing any strategic plan, it's important to always include key stakeholders in its planning, execution, and possibly, review. ‘Being truly strategic means being clear about what the school is and what it isn’t, about whom it’s good for and whom it’s not good for, about what it can – and can’t become’ (Evans 2007)1. Strategic Planning in practice then becomes a simple process as follows: OUR TOOLKIT WILL LEAD YOU THROUGH EACH OF THESE PROCESSES. Recognizes the importance of having student achievement goals in all academic areas, not just those that are tested (well-rounded, comprehensive education; opportunities for students to be exposed to a variety of academic areas). If the strategic planning cycle is too short, there is not enough time for initiatives decided by the school to work. Since the internationalization has become increasingly important to the university operations, this raises the query about institutional capability or if the university is capable of responding to the latest challenges it faces. It is a mean to see the big picture as opposed to tactical planning that targets short-term tasks. Strategic Planning looks at three main questions: The point of a strategic plan is to improve your school or organisation by outlining the direction you wish the school to take, identifying issues impacting on your school and deciding on the priorities for action. 1. Meaningful public review process allows for more voices to be heard and holds districts, schools, and stakeholders accountable. The other critical element, is that the principal, school Board and school staff must be ‘on the same page’ when it comes to strategic planning and thinking. The important focus in this type of planning is the concentration on a few targets at a time. • describe the main stages of strategic planning; • explain the main actors and processes underpinning strategic planning today. Without one, the school’s key stakeholders (parents, students, staff and the community) don’t know where you are going. Ideally, it touches on a broad range of topics. The controversy on whether the strategic planning improves performance in schools has been ongoing. The result of a broadly inclusive and consultative process. Strategic planning is a formalized, documented organizational management process used to analyze its current situation, set priorities, and to focus resources and energy to achieve and maintain an organizations competitive advantage. strategic planning improves performance levels of firms. A Strategic Plan also makes everyone’s work easier. We know that it can feel lik… Read what Alan Kennedy has to say on the subject. 1 Evans, R. (2007), The Case against Strategic Planning, Independent School, Fall 2007, http://www.nais.org/publications/ismagazinearticle.cfm?Itemnumber=150115&sn.ItemNumber=145956. The results of this micro study showed, teachers really lack of understanding the importance strategic management and strategic planning in … The point of a strategic plan is to improve your school or organisation by outlining the direction you wish the school to take, identifying issues impacting on your school and deciding on the priorities for action. 3. It gives a sense of direction to the entire team of the organization : It is very significant for the … 6. 2009. There are a number of reasons for this. Get the latest news and information from Partners for Public Education. Can you start a research paper with an anecdote: short essay on holi 300 words. http://www.nais.org/publications/ismagazinearticle.cfm?Itemnumber=150115&sn.ItemNumber=145956. Guidelines for the preparation of an Education Sector Plan… The context of strategic planning involves the needs of the business organization, including the need for the organization to ensure that its operations properly match the conditions of the market. The strategic planning process is as important as the plan Strategic planning is a crucial step to ensure your district vision is inspiring and actionable. As Partners for Public Education, we support holding everyone accountable for student success. This is why the plan should be reviewed, internally, every year and why annual operation/action plans need to be developed. Your worst nightmare is unfolding. Stephen White and I recently analyzed hundreds of strategic plans from schools, central-office departments, and entire districts. Comprehensive planning is one of the key marks of readiness to undertake the commitment that such campaigns require – … Comprised of six broad goals accompanied by specific recommendations, the strategic plan touches every aspect of the School and is the guidepost against which we measure our achievements. Decisions about strategic planning should take into account: Obviously most schools have at least a business plan and a building master plan in their first stage of development, but often management is so busy providing infrastructure and trying to increase enrolments in the early years it does not consider there is time for formal strategic planning. Strategic planning is a continuous process that enables organisations to adapt to the changing, dynamic environment. All bridges have two primary support pillars and a span between the two, allowing one part of land to be connected with another. Raising your school’s profile. A CASE STUDY. Description of the professional personnel, school library, classroom, and other resources [4.13(c) (9)]. Turning theory into a simple planning process. Eliminating the strategic plan completely removes the voice of students, parents, community leaders, and teachers. However, despite the importance of having a plan, there is one thing worse than not having a strategic plan; that is spending all the time it takes to develop then and then ignoring it, or finding it is unworkable. One of […] We used this analysis to develop some practical suggestions to get more out of the planning process (Reeves, 2006; White, 2005). The [Stevens Strategy] 5–phased strategic planning process has been proven successful at numerous colleges, universities and schools, whether … Unfortunately, state policymakers want to eliminate these policies. A strategic plan articulates a shared vision, mission and values. The ‘strategic plan’ in this scenario is simple and concentrates on very few targets over a relatively short period of time. Co-ordination: It coordinates organisation’s internal environment with the external environment, financial resources with non-financial resources and short-term plans with long- term plans. Is there an effort to eliminate school district’s requirement to plan and to take the public out of the planning process? 7 Reasons Why Schools Need Strategic Planning. At least two independent raters reviewed each plan and scored them on about 20 different dimensions of planning, implementing, and monitoring. The history of strategic planning in education is surprisingly young. It provides the ‘big picture’ of where you are, where you are going and how you are going to get there. These plans may be developed using a strategic thinking process which occurs over a series of faculty meetings and a board retreat; and it may result in the development of a rolling sequence of project-based reviews and change, focusing each year on one or two departments, key focus areas or program areas. Step-by-step processes for refining your vision, SWOT analysis & many more, Surveys for focus groups and 360-degree reports, Blank reports for writing up your findings in pdf & word format, Templates to convert your strategic plan to an action plan, FREE ebook for training staff on the strategic planning process, FREE bonus PowerPoint presentations: ‘The Five Steps of Strategic Planning’, ‘Using Data’ and ‘Strategic Thinking’. Besides the cost, change in schools takes time. Some experts in change management suggest that changes in secondary schools take approximately 7 years; and 5 years in primary school. What can Partners do? A strategic plan effectively organizes schools and their staff. For instance, the market situation changes over time, such that the dynamism of the market condition can significantly impact the demand for the products and services of the organization of interest. Some planning processes may take up to six months or more. Strategic planning answers where you are now, where you’re going, and how you’re getting there. A good strategic plan can improve student outcomes, keep great teachers and enhance the reputation of district leadership. Provides for a coherent plan of curriculum, instruction, and assessment aimed at meeting state standards and student achievement goals. Description of the planned instruction and assessment practices [4.13(c) (4), (5)]. Take action: Contact your state representative and state senator and urge them to reinstate the strategic plan requirement and include parents and community leaders in discussions about their local public schools and the students they serve. Nothing affects a school district more than its ability to create and execute a strategic plan. The strategic plan arises from pragmatic, flexible strategic thinking that relies on judgment as much as on spelling out action steps and the measurement of benchmarks. The worst time to do your strategic planning is when your school is in crisis. In general, strategic planning is a process of setting long-term overarching goals, and then defining a clear and structured path to reach them. Please login and assign a widget area to at least 2 of the 5 search widget columns. Triple talaq bill essay pdf bullying in school essay spm research paper topics school counseling, essay on war is a necessary evil planning essay of Importance strategic. Description of plan for early childhood education, including coordination with community programs and agencies, early intervention programs, and transition programs [4.13(c) (12-14)]. The process ensures school districts work to develop a curriculum, instruction, and assessment consistently focused on state standards and student achievement goals. Strategic planning is the process of reflecting on past performance, establishing future directions and deciding what will constitute success. education (e-learning, e-tools and e-networking) and place of ethics in planning education however, there have been some major strides made in the sector of school development planning (Deal, 2008). Some of these effects include: A strategic plan can inspire & unite the whole school community A strategic plan allows you to inspire your whole community to take action and make change. Strategic plans and the strategic planning process are an important form of accountability and public involvement. A strategic plan is a key guiding document for any school, and can have far-reaching effects. Establishes and recognizes the importance of multi-year organizational and educational goals and provides a vision to guide a school and district while also allowing time for programs and curricula to affect student achievement. The importance of strategic planning in education has been increasingly recognised but observations of school principals have shown that little time is apparently devoted to reflective planning. While it is true that the practice of strategic planning has been imported from the business world (which had adapted it from the original military model), it is essential to take the specific nature and modes of operation of a university into consideration if strategic planning is to be accepted and embraced both as a concept and a system that can provide direction and facilitate progress. While many organizations understand the importance of strategic planning and spend a great deal of time and money coming up with the strategic plan, it still remains something that is reviewed just once a year or worse - a glossy document that sits on the shelf! But the formal process, especially if the school is paying for an outside consultant, probably does not need to occur any more than once in three to five years. Contact your state representative and state senator, Current Chapter 4 regulations related to strategic planning, State Board of Education meeting dates (2012). This is a problem because local control of schools requires local participation at all levels. If a new planning cycle begins too quickly, people are not over the fatigue of developing the first plan before a second one is being considered. The planning process allows all stakeholders including Partners like you – teachers, administrators, students, parents, and community leaders – the occasion to discuss their vision for the education of their children and the best methods for achieving that vision. In teaching, it’s like building an annual curriculum versus a lesson plan. The Board has asked you, as Head, to prepare a strategic plan for the school… This enables all stakeholders to work towards a common vision. individuals working in higher education, strategic planning may be considered a distraction from our real work of teaching and research. The strategic planning process needs to be dynamic, responsive, and focused on changes that are successful, sustainable and scalable. The importance of these efforts are underscored by enhancing institutional efficiency, upgrading kindergarten teachers’ skills and promoting community participation. Yes, in May, the State Board of Education approved changes to regulations, including the removal of the strategic planning requirement for school districts. Developing a strategic plan is an exercise your school will probably undergo once a decade or so. Schools have an approximate 10% window on students’ lives. Until recently, Pennsylvania had policies that helped with that goal by requiring school boards to engage in a strategic planning process that included public input. A great school profile impresses prospective parents, contributes to … Strategic Planning is the process of looking at all aspects of your school and planning how you wish to move the school forward. Provides a focus. The literature on strategic planning, however, positions this activity as vital for clarifying future directions, important for developing a coherent basis for decision-making, These stakeholders will most definitely include physicians. Strategic planning is requisite, especially for organizations that are embarking on a major capital campaign for bricks and mortar or endowments. Also of key importance is bolstering human resources to enhance capacity. A leading cause of ... 2. All schools should have a strategic plan. 1 Evans, R. (2007), The Case against Strategic Planning, Independent School, Fall 2007, A strategic plan formalizes the school district’s mission, vision, values, goals, and … In 2010, Trinity launched a comprehensive strategic planning process, its first in two decades. Overview One of the key functions of school councils is to contribute to the development of the broad vision and direction for the school as part of the school strategic planning process. There will also be additional opportunities for input as the regulatory review process continues and we will update Partners when those occur. Why is public participation in the strategic planning process important?Strategic plans and the strategic planning process are an important form of accountability and public involvement. This is a strategy that is less a fixed design and more a flexible learning process that relies on school managers constantly listening and synthesizing what they hear and learn from all sources. For example: In some cases, a Strategic Plan is mandated by government.
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